LNG Danger To Our Communities  Tim Riley Law .com   760-683-5898

LNG is a danger to our communities. Co-Hosts Tim Riley and Hayden Riley dedicate their website to warn America about the many LNG safety concerns, and they want to help protect America from the imminent peril of liquefied natural gas. The Rileys believe that Liquefied Natural Gas is a danger to our American communities. Consumer Protection Attorney Tim Riley warns about the many LNG safety risks and hazards. Tim Riley describes what LNG is and where LNG comes from. Tim Riley displays pictures of the LNG Cleveland Disaster of 1944 and the recent LNG explosion blast in Algeria in January 2004. Tim Riley warns us of LNG vulnerability to terrorism and terrorist sabotage and that LNG is terrorist target. Tim Riley warns about Lng vulnerability to accident, earthquakes and LNG sabotage. LNG has a horrifying safety record. Tim Riley warns us that our brave Coast Guard considers LNG very dangerous. Tim Riley warns about the LNG fire, LNG spill, and LNG facilities. Tim Riley describes LNG Atomic Bomb Equivalency. Tim Riley warns about the danger of Liquefied Natural Gas. Tim Riley shows LNG Tanker pictures, LNG carrier photos, and LNG ship photographs. Tim Riley discusses the Algeria LNG Blast. Tim Riley shows pictures of the LNG Explosion in Algeria. Tim Riley discusses LNG tankers size, LNG tankers volume capacity, LNG carrier double hulls and LNG tanker ship vulnerability. Tim Riley warns about the LNG fires, the LNG Vapor Cloud Explosion. Tim Riley lists and describes the many LNG accidents. Tim Riley warns about more dependence on importing more foreign fossil fuels such as Liquefied Natural Gas. Tim Riley warns about the vulnerability and hazards of liquefied natural gas; and how devastating the energy content of liquefied natural gas is. Tim Riley warns us that liquefied natural gas is threatening America's coastline. Tim Riley warns us Imported liquefied natural gas will make America more dependent on foreign fuel. Tim Riley and Hayden Riley urge us to write letters to local officials to stop LNG from coming to our American communities. Co-Hosts Tim Riley and Hayden Riley urge that we develop renewable energy resource instead of more reliance on the fossil fuel LNG. The Rileys urge more accountability, penalties, fines and imprisonment for corporate manipulation of the energy market.

Consumer Protection Attorney Tim Riley Warns About Liquefied Natural Gas

History & Accidents FERC Terminals Map Terrorist Target LNG  TANKERS Offshore Guinea-Pig Vapor Cloud & Spills Safety Studies Pipelines Environment Impact Industry Corruption Import Dependency Opposition Works Contact Officials Film Fest. Interview TV Interview LNG News & Alerts LNG Documentary HOME

 

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LNG History and LNG Accidents

               

        LNG Danger To Our Communities is demonstrated through the historical & breaking LNG news stories, scientific information, graphics, videos and photographs throughout this comprehensive LNG website. We warn about dangers of LNG accidents, LNG explosions, LNG tanker risks, LNG fires, LNG vulnerability to terrorist attack, LNG tankers - facility - pipeline vulnerabilities, and many LNG accident and safety concerns related to all LNG projects including LNG Importation, LNG Exportation, LNG Storage and LNG Transportation. It is important that Communities fully understand the true dangers of LNG, especially now that hydraulic fracturing or 'fracking' in the U.S. is making natural gas more abundant, and regardless of consequence, the energy industry wants to capitalize by converting the natural gas into LNG for exportation.

          Fracking our countryside while proliferating our coastlines with LNG exportation facilities is an alarmingly dangerous and shortsighted energy industry scheme that demands every American's informed attention.   

 

 

The Horrifying History of Liquefied Natural Gas

 

The Cleveland Disaster     The very first commercial LNG facility built in the United States  in 1941, caused a major industrial accident known as the "The Cleveland Disaster."  Where, in 1944, according to the U.S. Bureau of Mines report, LNG holding tanks failed and released their contents into the streets and sewers and their vaporous cloud ignited and fire engulfed the nearby residents and commercial establishments. LNG destroyed 79 Homes, 2 Factories, 217 Cars, 7 Trailers, Left 680 Homeless, Injured 225 and Killed 131.

 

The Fiery LNG Inferno Devastated One Square Mile of Cleveland, Ohio

Yet, the Energy Industry Claims that LNG is Safe for our Communities

 Their False Self-Serving Assurances Have Left Many Speechless

 The Energy Industry Evades Discussing The Cleveland Disaster

But, a Picture is Worth a 1000 Words...

 

See the Film the Energy Industry Doesn't Want You to See                                                          

The Risks and Danger of LNG

                            

                                                                                  Official Selection Malibu Film Festival

 

 

 

 

 

 

        

Documentary Exposes Truth About LNG & Fuels LNG Opposition                     Preview & Order this Must See LNG Documentary on DVD   

                                                                                                    

                                                                                                                  DVD $49.00  Free Domestic S&H

 

   FOX TV Military & Terrorism Analyst Praises the Film                                              

        "This has to be an award winner. When I watched the film it gave me more insight into the dangers that     

    communities face...  your work should set an example for others who wish to protect the public. The detail    

    in your film of the dangers of LNG should leave no doubt in anyone's mind that we are facing a crisis when    

    an LNG facility is sited in populated areas. It should be mandatory for every first responder to view this film."  

     Colonel David Gavigan, Terrorism Specialist, and Military & Terrorism Analyst for FOX 25 TV, Boston

 

 

    Introduction:

        Energy companies are currently attempting to build dozens of large, dangerous Liquefied Natural Gas Importation and Exportation facilities onshore and offshore of some of our coastal communities throughout America, Canada, Mexico, The Bahamas and Europe.

        This website is intended to alert, inform and help protect communities worldwide now facing the imminent peril of Liquefied Natural Gas proliferation, which would have a disastrous impact on our residential communities if we just sit idly by.

       Only the construction of nuclear energy plants would be more dangerous for our residential communities.

       We welcome concerned visitors from Santa Monica,* Malibu,* Oxnard,* Port Hueneme,* Ventura,* Santa Barbara,* Long Beach,* and Humboldt Bay area in Eureka,* California, Baja California; North Spit Property, Coos Bay,* Oregon, Astoria, Oregon, St. Helens, OR; Cherry Point, Washington; Mobile,*Alabama; Fall River,* Hull * Massachusetts; Harpswell,* Perry, * Maine, Sears Island, Hope Island, Cousins Island (Casco Bay area), Maine, Pleasant Point, ME; Providence, Rhode Island;* Crown Landing area bordering New Jersey and Delaware; Logan Township, Gloucester County, NJ, Belmar, New Jersey;  Long Island Sound near the New York and Connecticut coast;* Philadelphia, Port Richmond, Pennsylvania;  Maryland; Sabine, Louisiana, Lake Charles, LA; Corpus Christi, Texas, Port Arthur, Port Lavaca, TX, Galveston, Texas, Sabine, TX, Brownsville, TX; Dundalk and Cove Point, MD; Biloxi Gulfport Pascagoula, Bayou Casotte, Jackson County, Mississippi; Ensenada,  Baja, Bajamar, Coronado Islands, Mexico, LázaroCárdenas, MX, Puerto Libertad, MX, and Gulf of Mexico; St. John, NB; Point Tupper, Nova Scotia; Goldboro, NS; Quebec City, QC, Rivičre-du-Loup, QC, Kitimat, British Columbia, Prince Rupert, BC; United Kingdom, Italy, Europe, Bahamas; and from all other communities threatened by LNG. 

Community Opposition to LNG Works

* Congratulations to the communities noted (*) above for stopping LNG. We are pleased that this website and our documentary film The Risks and Danger of LNG are helping communities worldwide in their battle against LNG. We have licensed public screenings to you throughout the nation and world, and we are very happy that the information we are providing through our film and website is assisting you in your victories and continued battles to stop LNG.  Click: LNG Opposition Works

 Check to See If Your Community Has Been Targeted

FERC Map of LNG Proposals

All Liquefied Natural Gas proposals will require a constant fleet of huge LNG tankers.

Enormous and vulnerable LNG tankers, carrying billions of gallons of natural gas, will arrive and dock dangerously close to populated communities to offload their ultra hazardous LNG, posing an imminent risk of danger and widespread devastation.  Click: LNG TANKERS

A Liquefied Natural Gas Environmental Impact Report (EIR) has shown up to 70,000 casualties

Liquefied Natural Gas tried locating in the City of Oxnard, California, before, so we already know how massive its destruction can be. In 1977, Oxnard opposed an LNG project after the city’s formal Environmental Impact Report (EIR) showed up to 70,000 casualties resulting from an offshore LNG tanker accident. The lessons learned from the Oxnard EIR can be applied to all LNG proposals - worldwide.    

As Documented And Reported  By

The California Energy Commission, July, 2003

LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS IN CALIFORNIA: HISTORY, RISKS, AND SITING

STAFF WHITE PAPER, July, 2003

        "The Oxnard City Council, however, did its own study, which considered safety risks under worst-case scenarios. Oxnard’s citizens opposed the project after the City’s study showed up to 70,000 casualties from an LNG accident there. None of the risk assessments considered acts of sabotage."

The laws of physics have not changed since 1977, and communities throughout the world should be aware of this very important EIR

 Click: Ignitable LNG Vapor Clouds

None of the LNG EIR risk assessments considered acts of sabotage in 1977

Now, with the threat of terrorism, communities face the added risk of a Liquefied Natural Gas disaster from acts of sabotage by terrorists to an LNG facility, LNG tanker or LNG pipeline.  Click: LNG Terrorist Target

Recent LNG "safety studies" are highly criticized, and FERC Rules restrict access to LNG safety studies

    A senior member of the U.S. House homeland security committee, Congressman Markey, is very concerned that recent LNG safety study findings were being used to "minimize" the scope of LNG hazards. As reported by the Mobile Register, "Markey's letters expressed concern that numerous federal agencies, including FERC, may be using misleading data to perform the safety analysis."

    Communities concerned about the risks of planned liquefied natural gas terminals are unlikely to see safety studies for the proposed facilities because of recent federal rules. Local and state officials, who are just becoming familiar with the rules, are among those who may be kept from gaining full access to the safety studies.  Click: LNG Safety Studies Under Fire

Offshore Liquefied Natural Gas facilities Are Guinea-Pig Projects

Energy companies want to build approximately ten LNG guinea-pig projects in the US - including three - untried - untested - unproven variations right off Southern California beaches, impacting Santa Monica, Malibu, Oxnard, Port Hueneme, Ventura, Carpentaria, Montecito, Santa Barbara, and San Clemente turning beautiful coastal communities into LNG guinea pigs.  Click: LNG Offshore Guinea-Pig Projects

Something dangerous would also be underfoot

    Huge explosive LNG natural gas pipelines, projected to carry billions of cubic feet of  gas through our residential communities will be at risk of rupture and explosion from corrosion, metal fatigue, manufacturing defects, leakage, human error, earthquakes, and now terrorist sabotage.  Click: LNG Pipelines 

Environmental Concerns: LNG is Another Dirty Fossil Fuel

     LNG is natural gas - primarily methane - which has been chilled to minus 260 degrees. According to the United States Environmental Protection Agency - methane is a major contributor to the greenhouse effect, second only to carbon dioxide, and is about 21 times more powerful at warming the atmosphere than carbon dioxide (CO2) by weight.   Click: LNG Environmental Concerns

Importing LNG will increase dependency on more foreign fossil fuel

The LNG tankers will sail under foreign flags, carrying foreign natural gas from Pacific Rim countries and the Middle East, including Libya! According to the Houston Chronicle.com, "Shell's head of exploration and production, Malcolm Brinded...'The global LNG industry will double in the next decade and Libya will play an important part,' he said."  Click: LNG Increases USA Dependency & Energy Industry Corruption

Keep abreast of LNG meetings, programs, television & film, news, and opinions

Click:  LNG Breaking News & Calendar Alerts

Write letters insisting that your local representatives stop LNG from locating in your community

After you have viewed all the site hyperlinks - including the many photographs, photo/graphics, simulations, news articles, Homeland Security terrorism alerts, and scientific information  posted throughout, we ask that each of you write a letter insisting that your local representatives prevent Liquefied Natural Gas facilities and LNG tankers from locating in our communitiesClick: Contact Officials

Please send this page hyperlink to your friends and loved ones

http://TimRileyLaw.com/LNG.htm 

 

 

 

 

April 12, 2007  The California Coastal Commission unanimously voted 12-0 to sink BHP Billiton's LNG floating platform proposal. Three days earlier the California State Lands Commission,  before a packed house untied against LNG (800 inside & over 1000 outside), denied Billiton's LNG Deep Water Port pipeline license.   

 

Click Arrow for Tim Riley's appearance before California Coastal Commission

 

Tuesday, August 30, 2005 11:30 pm (PST)

Nigeria LNG pipeline explosion
The Tide - Port Harcourt, Niger Delta, Nigeria
Eleven persons are feared missing and aquatic life completely destroyed when a 28-inch Liquefied Natural Gas underground pipeline exploded at Kalakama, an Ogoloma fishing community in Okrika Local Government Area of Rivers State.

 The incident, which occurred at the weekend, resulted in a wild inferno which engulfed an estimated 27 square kilometers of the once rich Kalakama mangrove, killing sea foods and cash crops.

So huge, the impact of the explosion was felt on the Okrika Island and the Borikiri area of Port Harcourt where, residents were forced into a stampede for safety.

____________________________________________

Here is a follow-up story

NOTE: The August 31, 2005 Issue of World Gas Intelligence describes the recent Nigerian LNG disaster as a "supply hiccup."

"SPOT LNG SQUEEZE: The global LNG spot market is looking tighter and tighter. Even as demand is ballooning in all key markets, squeeze points have cropped up on the supply side in the form of unplanned outages at LNG plants and unusually long ramp-up periods at new production facilities. The latest supply hiccup occurred at Nigeria LNG, where a leak in the main gas supply pipeline on Aug. 26 forced the closure of Trains 2 and 3. This follows an unexpectedly long outage in Trinidad and slow ramp-ups in Egypt. (Wednesday, August 31, 2005)" http://www.energyintel.com/PublicationHomePage.asp?publication_id=10

 

January 19, 2004

LNG BLAST  

LNG Explosion In Algeria Industrial Zone 

Port was designed to load only small LNG Tankers for short distances           

Death Toll Currently:   27 

Workers Injured:  74

Blast Felt Miles Away

Facility Destroyed

Fires Raged For 8 Hours

Property Damage: Approx. $ 1 Billion

Cause: Initially: "Defective Boiler" Which Had Earlier Received "Superficial Repairs"

Cause: Currently: Liquefied Natural Gas Leak in Pipe

 

BBC NEWS

Four killed in Algeria gas blast 

Monday, 19 January, 2004, 21:35 GMT

Full Story: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/3411651.stm 

ABSTRACTS:

    An explosion at a natural gas complex in Algeria has killed at least four people and injured about 60 others. The blast took place at a state-owned liquefied natural gas unit in the industrial zone of the north-eastern coastal town of Skikda.

    "We're still fighting the fires but we have yet to determine the cause of the explosion," a civil defense official in Skikda told Reuters news agency.

    One witness told Reuters the explosion was felt miles away.     © BBC MMIV

Yet, the Energy Industry Still Insists LNG is Safe for Our American Communities

 

albawaba.com, January 20, 2004

Blast at Algerian liquefied natural gas plant 

Kills at least 20 people

Full Story: http://www.albawaba.com/news/index.php3?sid=268430&lang=e&dir=news

© Copyright Al-Bawaba.Com 2004 gln nlg gnl

  

Algeria blast to hit LNG exports, importers calm

Reuters, 01.20.04, 8:19 AM ET

Full Story: http://www.forbes.com/markets/newswire/2004/01/20/rtr1217715.html

By Margaret Orgill

    LONDON, Jan 20 (Reuters) - A huge explosion at the Skikda liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant in Algeria ...

     The blast ripped through the Skikda LNG plant, one of two in Algeria, late on Monday killing at least 23 people and shutting down all activity at the oil and gas refining complex...

    A port agent said the explosion, the worst accident at an LNG site in nearly 30 years ...

    The port at Skikda is designed to load small LNG tankers ...

    "Skikda can only take small ships... 

    

Reuters    

At least 27 dead in Algeria blast, refinery shut  

January 20, 2004

By Zohra Bensemra

Full Story: http://www.reuters.com/locales/newsArticle.jsp;:400d65e8:2f1f10da5ee06141?type=worldNews&locale=en_IN&storyID=4165226 

    SKIKDA, Algeria (Reuters) - At least 27 workers died when a gas plant blew up ...

    The powerful blast and consequent fires devastated......

    It was the worst LNG accident since 1975 when about 40 people died in an explosion in Staten Island, U.S., according to Andrew Flower, an independent gas consultant...  

Channelnewsasia.com

21 January 2004 0044 hrs (SST)  

Algerian gas plant explosion kills 27, injures 72 

Full Story: http://www.channelnewsasia.com/stories/afp_world/view/67231/1/.html

    ALGIERS : At least 27 people were killed and 72 injured when a huge explosion, apparently caused by a defective boiler, ripped through a liquefied natural gas plant ...

    He said specialists had filed a report "more than a year ago" indicating that the boiler in question was defective. "Superficial repairs" had been carried out on the boiler, he said.

    A woman living close to the plant, about 10 kilometres (six miles) outside Skikda, said: "There was a heavy blast and everything started to shake and the windows of my apartment were blown out."

    Speaking haltingly, she said the complex was engulfed in smoke and flames. "We all ran out, we helped the handicapped and the old people," she said, adding: "Many of them were in shock and the children were crying."

    ...  fire at the plant had been brought under control early Tuesday after raging for almost eight hours.

Yet, the Energy Industry Insists LNG does not Explode

 

1/21/04  

MOBILE REGISTER

 

More bodies found at LNG blast scene

At least 27 dead at facility similar to terminals proposed for Mobile Bay

 Full Story:  http://www.al.com/news/mobileregister/index.ssf?/base/news/1074680100132040.xml

    Searchers discovered 10 more bodies at a liquefied natural gas complex in Algeria leveled by an explosion, raising the death toll to at least 27... Seventy-four people were injured... dozen workers were believed missing...

    Information available from the Halliburton Co. of Texas shows that the oil construction giant had in recent years revamped the Algerian facility to the latest performance standards...

    Industry officials and some government officials have said that such facilities have a spotless safety record, could not explode, and would pose little risk to surrounding communities. But in recent months, the Mobile Register has reported that government officials have sometimes used faulty studies to make their case to the public...

    LNG industry officials maintained that the accident in Algeria should not affect how the public perceives LNG terminals in the United States.

    "I would not make a direct link between the accident and any U.S. site, Mobile included," said ExxonMobil spokesman Bob Davis in Houston. "As tragic as the Algerian accident is, I don't think it negates the outstanding 40-year safety record of LNG in the world."

    Davis said that the Algerian facility is "one of the oldest LNG facilities in the world, vintage 1970s. I think certainly from our point of view, the technology on these facilities has advanced substantially in that 30-year period."

    But a Halliburton Co. Web site states that its engineering branch, KBR, updated the entire Skikda terminal as recently as 1999. The Web site touts the project as a model of modern American workmanship.

    "Halliburton Company is pleased to announce that its recently completed Liquefied Natural Gas Revamp Project at Skikda, Algeria, has passed all its performance tests," reads the company press release announcing the project's completion. "KBR's work included extensive revamp of the three LNG trains and associated utilities and auxiliaries and a complete revamp of the complex's electrical power and control systems. ... Over 9,000,000 construction man-hours were expended. "

    Lyons said the reports he read Tuesday claim a high-pressure boiler in need of maintenance was the cause of the accident.

    "They wouldn't have high-pressure boilers at an LNG receiving terminal. I don't see any parallel in any respect to what is being contemplated anywhere along the Gulf Coast as far as LNG receiving terminals," Lyons said.

    Register research, however, indicates that most existing LNG receiving terminals employ numerous boilers, many of them generating high pressure. For instance, a newly proposed LNG terminal in Freeport, Texas, would use six high-pressure vaporizers connected to 12 boilers, according to documents posted on a U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Web site.

    Most LNG tankers are also powered by steam turbine engines that require large high-pressure boilers. Scientists say that an accident or terrorist attack involving a tanker could produce a fire that is much larger than an LNG fire on land...

(Mobile Register Staff Reporters Bill Finch, Ben Raines and Lee Davidson contributed to this article.)

Copyright 2004 al.com. All Rights Reserved.

 

UpstreamOnline.com

February 3, 2004

Industry opponents have a field day
Full Story: http://www.upstreamonline.com/news/article.jsp?Id=EPS_52937

By Dann Rodgers

Opponents of LNG import projects in the US have wasted no time in pointing to last week's tragedy in Algeria as highlighting safety concerns about such facilities

"The Algerian explosion destroyed more than an LNG facility -- it destroyed the industry myth that LNG is safe," said consumer protection advocate Tim Riley, who hosts the website TimRileyLaw.com that documents what he sees as the dangers of the fuel.

"Quite simply, LNG is too damn dangerous and the energy industry has always known it. The American communities facing LNG proposals have listened to the LNG 'safety spin' but have now heard the explosive truth, galvanizing opposition.

"The blast was felt around the world and serves as a wake-up call to private investors, financial institutions and insurance carriers who would risk major losses from another inevitable LNG disaster," Riley declared.

In Weaver's Cove, Massachusetts, Mayor Edward Lambert opposes a local LNG import terminal proposal precisely because of the Algerian disaster.

"This speaks to the credibility of those people who are running around saying how safe this stuff is, saying it doesn't explode. It clearly points to the safety concerns that these terminals don't belong in populated areas."

Local Fire Chief Ed Dawson noted that fires at LNG import terminals are rare but that the Algerian situation illustrates the danger they present. "The chances of it happening here are very remote. But the reality of it is we just had an incident in Algeria. The devastation speaks for itself."

 

 Again, the Energy Industry's LNG Safety Claims Leave us Speechless 

 

In Light of The Algerian LNG Disaster of January 19, 2004 Ask Yourself... 

How Will The LNG Proponents Now Spin LNG's "Safety" Record Which They Limited To The Past 40 Years Post Dating The 1944 Cleveland Disaster?

Will Their New "Safety" Record Commence From January 20, 2004, Post Dating The Algerian LNG Disaster?

Will They Still Claim LNG IS Safe?

Will They Continue To Claim LNG Has An Outstanding 40-Year Safety Record?

 

Well, The Answers May Be Provided By Recent Quotes From

MOBILE REGISTER, January 21, 2004

More bodies found at LNG blast scene 

     "I would not make a direct link between the accident and any U.S. site, Mobile included," said ExxonMobil spokesman Bob Davis in Houston. "As tragic as the Algerian accident is,  I don't think it negates the outstanding 40-year safety record of LNG in the world."  

 

UpstreamOnline.com, February 3, 2004

Industry opponents have a field day

        "Alabama State Docks Director James Lyons said the Algerian accident, which appears to have resulted from a malfunctioning boiler, could not happen in the US. "They wouldn't have high-pressure boilers at an LNG receiving terminal. I don't see a parallel in any respect to what is being contemplated to build anywhere along the Gulf Coast."

 

 

LNG Proponents Scrambling to Salvage Their Current Proposals in America Have Very Little Wiggle-Room to Work With As They Advance Their Over Simplistic Rationalization To The One Billion Dollar Algerian LNG Disaster i.e. The LNG Facility Explosion was not really an "LNG" Issue but... was just a boiler malfunction.

 

February 23, 2004

LA TIMES

Blast Traced to LNG Leak

Preliminary finding in the probe of a Jan. 19 explosion in Algeria

Worries proponents of California gas plants.

Full Story: http://www.latimes.com/business/la-fi-lng23feb23,1,5084104.story?coll=la-home-business

By Deborah Schoch

     A recent explosion that killed 27 people at an Algerian natural gas complex is believed to have started with a leak of liquefied natural gas, Algeria's top U.S. emissary said last week, worrying proponents of LNG import terminals in California and across the country.  

    The Algerian government initially blamed a faulty steam boiler. But Idriss Jazairy, the Algerian ambassador to the U.S., said in an interview that preliminary results of an investigation traced the accident to LNG that leaked from a pipe, turned into a gas and exploded. 

    Industry executives in the United States reacted with consternation to Jazairy's comments, and some wondered privately whether another liquid gas, such as propane — rather than LNG — might actually be responsible.

     They expressed concern that the burgeoning LNG import industry could suffer a major setback if the investigation ended up concluding that LNG was the culprit in the Jan. 19 explosion, which injured more than 80 people in the Algerian port city of Skikda…  

 

April 14, 2004

Report sheds new light on LNG blast in Algeria

Full Story: http://www.al.com/news/mobileregister/index.ssf?/base/news/1081934271102960.xml

Document suggests that deadly explosion was caused by gas vapor, not boiler

By BEN RAINES    

“A newly released document provides important insights into the chain of events that led to the January explosion of a liquefied natural gas facility in the African nation of Algeria.”

 “Several scientists who specialize in LNG research said the document indicates that a similar accident could occur at LNG plants like those proposed for Mobile Bay and elsewhere in the United States.” 

“Initial reports blamed a faulty steam boiler for the massive explosion and fire at the government-owned Skikda, Algeria, plant. Those reports were incorrect, according to the new document presented by Sonatrach, owner of the destroyed LNG plant. “

 “A PowerPoint display titled "‘The Incident at the Skikda Plant: Description and Preliminary Conclusions’ indicates, instead, that a large amount of liquid gas escaped from a pipe and formed a cloud of highly flammable and explosive vapor that hovered over the facility. The cloud exploded after coming into contact with a flame source.”

 “Most of the 27 people who died were killed by the force of the blast, according to the report. The report lists a "‘few casualties by fire,’ though the fire burned for eight hours.”

 “But several scientists who examined the new report told the Mobile Register that the type of accident described in it could occur at an LNG facility in this country, regardless of the type or number of boilers present. Almost any source of ignition, from a cigarette lighter to a pilot light, could have ignited a vapor cloud.”

 "‘I think this tells us that dealing with LNG is a tricky and dangerous business,’ said James Fay, professor emeritus at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and one of the nation's leading LNG scientists. ‘It was apparently a very large gas leak that went on for a while before the explosion. That certainly doesn't give you a lot of faith in their gas detection equipment, with all this gas leaking out. I guess this means sometimes that equipment doesn't work.’"

 "‘The fact that there was a vapor cloud is huge," said Bill Powers, an engineer based in California who has studied LNG terminals, siting issues for both onshore and offshore proposals. "We don't know if it was an LNG vapor cloud or an LPG cloud or a mix of both, but, either way, it means it is the kind of accident that could happen here.’"

 “Powers also felt it was noteworthy that Halliburton had conducted a major renovation of the Skikda plant in 1999, updating all of the key safety equipment and computer systems.”

 “A Halliburton Co. Web site touts the revamped LNG terminal as a model of modern American workmanship.”

 "‘Halliburton Company is pleased to announce that its recently completed Liquefied Natural Gas Revamp Project at Skikda, Algeria, has passed all its performance tests," reads the company news release announcing the project's completion. "KBR's work included extensive revamp of the three LNG trains and associated utilities and auxiliaries and a complete revamp of the complex's electrical power and control systems. ... Over 9,000,000 construction man-hours were expended.’"

 “The three separate LNG regasification plants or "trains" that were revamped by Halliburton were destroyed in the explosion.”

 “Powers said Halliburton's engineers had missed a weak link in their safety planning for the facility.”

 Copyright 2004 al.com. All Rights Reserved. 

 

Will the LNG Spin-Doctors Have The Audacity to Continue Their Head-Spinning Denial ?

Will They Still Insist the Algerian LNG Disaster was Not Related to LNG?

Will They Now Claim the LNG Disaster was just a "pipe malfunction" As If That Were Somehow Comforting?

LNG Accidents Can Be Caused By A Multitude of Industrial Malfunctions.

 

History of LNG Accidents

The Cleveland Disaster, U.S. 1944  The very first commercial LNG facility built in the United States in 1941, caused a major industrial accident known as the "The Cleveland Disaster."  Where, in 1944, according to the U.S. Bureau of Mines report, LNG holding tanks failed and released their contents into the streets and sewers and their vaporous cloud ignited and fire engulfed the nearby residents and commercial establishments. LNG destroyed 79 Homes, 2 Factories, 217 Cars, 7 Trailers, Left 680 Homeless, Injured 225 and Killed 131. The fiery LNG inferno devastated one square mile of Cleveland, Ohio.

Methane Princess Spill, 1965. The LNG discharging arms on a vessel which were disconnected before the liquid lines had been completely drained – caused another LNG accident

Jules Verne Spill, May 1965. Failure of the liquid level instrumentation – caused another LNG accident

La Spezia, Italy, 1971. Phenomenon called rollover, where two layers of LNG having different densities and heat content are allowed to form back flow of natural gas from the compressor to the nitrogen line – caused another LNG accident

Montreal East, Quebec, Canada, 1972.  Explosion occurred in the LNG liquefaction and peak shaving plant of Gaz Metropolitan in Montreal East, Quebec. The accident occurred in the control room due to a back flow of natural gas from the compressor to the nitrogen line. 

Staten Island Tank Fire, USA, 1973.  A fire erupted at an out-of-service LNG tank that was being repaired. Forty workers then inside the tank were killed. LNG, which had leaked through the liner during previous fillings, had accumulated in the soil below and around the concrete tank wall berm. It has been assumed that an electrical spark in one of the irons or vacuum cleaners ignited the flammable gas reentering the tank.

Massachusetts Barge Spill, July 1974. After a power failure and the automatic closure of the main liquid line valves, a small amount of LNG leaked from a 1-inch nitrogen-purge globe valve on the vessel’s liquid header - pressure surge caused by the valve closure induced the leakage of LNG – caused another LNG accident

Aquarius Spill, September 1977. Difficulties in the liquid level gauge system – caused another LNG accident

Das Island, United Arab Emirates, March 1978. Failure of a bottom pipe connection of a LNG tank– caused another LNG accident

Cove Point, Maryland, 1979. LNG leak from a high-pressure pump found its way into an electrical conduit – caused another LNG accident

Mostafa Ben Bouliad Spill, April 1979. A check valve in the piping system of a 125,000 cubic meter vessel failed – caused another LNG accident

Pollenger Spill, April 1979. Leaking from a valve gland – caused another LNG accident

Bontang, Indonesia, 1983. Rupture of a heat exchanger in an LNG plant and resultant explosion – caused another LNG accident  

Nevada Test Site, Mercury, NV, 1987. An accidental ignition of an LNG vapor cloud occurred at the US Department of Energy (DOE) Nevada Test Site in August 1987.  

Bachir Chihani, Hull Cracking, 1990. Inner hull fracture occurred in a 130,000 cubic meter vessel at a part of the ship’s structure that is prone to the high stresses that accompany the complex deflections that the hull encounters on the high seas – caused another LNG accident  

Mediterranean Off Gibraltar, Minor LNG Carrier "Collision," November 13, 2002.  LNG carrier Norman Lady was struck off Gibraltar by the USS Oklahoma City, a Navy nuclear submarine. Minor damage to both vessels was caused by submarine periscope. The company said the vessel, had already unloaded its LNG cargo in Barcelona, Spain.

 

Algeria, LNG Facility Explosion, January 19, 2004. LNG port facility designed to load only small LNG Tankers for short distances exploded; death toll: 27; workers injured:  74; blast felt miles away; facility destroyed; fires raged for 8 hours; property damage: approx. $ 1 Billion; cause: (initially believed: "defective boiler" which had earlier received "superficial repairs;"); insurance investigation determined cause: liquefied natural gas leak in pipe

Trinidad Tobago, June 13, 2004. LNG turbine explodes, workers evacuated. Scores of workers had to be evacuated after a gas turbine at Atlantic LNG's Train 3 facility exploded.   Details Still Unfolding...

Belgium, July 31, 2004. Fluxy's LNG gas pipeline explosion kills 15 in Belgium. It was the deadliest gas blast in Belgium since 1967, when a tanker truck carrying liquid gas blew up, killing 22 people. "Debris from the initial explosion was found up to four miles away" (BBC video)

Norway, September 20, 2004.  LNG tanker adrift north of Bergen A fully loaded LNG tanker with a crew of 14 was adrift west of Fedje, on the west coast of Norway, north of Bergen. The ship's engines had stopped, and the anchors were useless in the stormy weather. Tug boats couldn't get the tanker under tow until the ship was only 30 yards from hitting rocks. There was strong wind and bad weather conditions in the area, and preparations were made to evacuate the 800 persons living on the island of Fedje, for fear that the tanker would explode if it grounded, NRK reports.

USA, March 2005. LNG Causes Pipeline Leaks and house explosion. On July 7, 2005, a company-sponsored study, launched after a District Heights house exploded in late March, found that subtle molecular differences in the imported liquefied natural gas the utility began using in August 2003 were drying the rubber seals of aging metal couplings that link sections of pipe. The breakdown of seals in the couplings of gas pipelines led to about 1,400 gas leaks during the past two years, and has required the company to launch a $144 million project to replace lines and equipment. Two other house explosions in the area are now under investigation.

Nigeria, August 2005.  28-inch Liquefied Natural Gas underground pipeline exploded - Wild inferno engulfed an estimated 27 square kilometers. Eleven persons are feared missing and aquatic life completely destroyed when a 28-inch Liquefied Natural Gas underground pipeline exploded at Kalakama, an Ogoloma fishing community in Okrika Local Government Area of Rivers State. The incident, which occurred at the weekend, resulted in a wild inferno which engulfed an estimated 27 square kilometers of the once rich Kalakama mangrove, killing sea foods and cash crops.So huge, the impact of the explosion was felt on the Okrika Island and the Borikiri area of Port Harcourt where, residents were forced into a stampede for safety. Nigeria LNG pipeline explosion

India, September 17, 2005. Winds just over a mere 40 knots led to an accident at Petronet LNG Ltd's terminal at Dahej when the tug boats of LNG carrier "Disha" hit Dolphin Piles of the jetty. The LNG ship was casting off after unloading the cargo. Petronet LNG Ltd’s is evaluating the extent of damage. Mishap at Dahej LNG unit, supply hit

Savannah, GA   March 14, 2006. A potentially disastrous spill was averted early Tuesday morning when the liquefied natural gas tanker Golar Freeze discharging its load at the Southern LNG terminal on Elba Island broke from its moorings and pulled away from the pier. The dock was shut down for about 36 hours while representatives from the Coast Guard and an LNG engineer from the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission investigated the incident. Near-miss shuts down LNG imports on Elba

Trinidad & Tobago   May 18 & May 21 & June 6, 2006. Fire at LNG Plant - "YET another blowout has occurred at Atlantic LNG in Point Fortin. On Tuesday fire broke out at the base of a Flame Pole when a seal broke loose. The incident which occurred around 8.30 pm, did not result in any injuries to employees or damage to the plant. According to a report from the Point Fortin sub-fire station, the seal popped and fire shot out. An employee nearby alerted a safety officer who quickly extinguished the fire. On May 21, Atlantic LNG employees had to evacuate the plant after a plug blew out and struck an employee in the chest. Three days before that incident, Train 11 plant had to be shut down for six hours when a natural gas leak was discovered in a two-inch pipeline." FIRE AT LNG PLANT  Trinidad News, Trinidad and Tobago

Ship carrying liquid gas burns off Jordan July 13, 2006.   "AMMAN, Jordan -- A tanker carrying liquefied natural gas caught fire as it unloaded Thursday in Aqaba, injuring 12 people, the manager of the Jordanian port said. Four of the injured were firefighters, who needed an hour to bring the blaze under control, said Awwad al-Maaytah, the director general of Aqaba Port Authority. The other injured were crewmen. The ship was promptly evacuated and towed away from the pier in the Red Sea port having unloaded only half of its cargo. Al-Maaytah said the cause of the fire was under investigation." Seattle Post Intelligencer. Jordan Liquid-Gas Ship Mishap Injures 19

LNG Tanker Adrift Off Cape Cod Needs Rescue  February 11, 2008. Coast Guard and tugboat crews rescued  a liquefied natural gas tanker crippled off Cape Cod after many hours of drifting at sea at the mercy of powerful winds and high waves.  Just 5-years-old, the fully laden LNG carrier was corraled by four tugboats about 25 miles east of Provincetown. Apparently, about 3 a.m. Monday its propulsion system shut down because of a computer malfunction according to the Coast Guard. The 933-foot Spanish-flagged LNG tanker Catalunya Spirit was heading from Trinidad to the LNG facility in Everett. 2/15/08 After several days of troubleshooting, repair specialists determined a malfunctioning boiler feed pump, which supplies water to the main propulsion boilers, caused the Catalunya Spirit's loss of power and propulsion. Captain of the Port of Boston reviewed and approved the final repair certification presented by Lloyd's Register and Teekay Corporation. The LNG delivery through Boston Harbor was cancelled. 

Washington, March 31, 2014    U.S. LNG Explosion  “Early Monday, a “processing vessel” at the Williams facility near the small town of Plymouth, Washington, exploded, spraying chunks of shrapnel as heavy as 250 pounds as far as 300 yards, according to local emergency responders.

The flying debris pierced the double walls of a 134-foot LNG tank on site, causing leaks. Five workers were injured, and local responders warned that vapors from the leaks could trigger a more devastating, second explosion. A county fire department spokesman said authorities were concerned a second blast could level a 0.75 mile 'lethal zone' around the plant.

Everyone within a two-mile radius of the site was evacuated...”

 

Blast at U.S. LNG site casts spotlight on natural gas safety

 

BRUSH WITH DISASTER…  

Portland Press Herald

October 6, 2003

Vigilance attends LNG deliveries

 “Maritime accidents do occur. Just last year, the LNG carrier Norman Lady was struck off Gibraltar by the USS Oklahoma City, a Navy nuclear submarine. Damage to both vessels was minor.”

 

CNN.com

11/15/2002

http://edition.cnn.com/2002/WORLD/europe/11/15/norway.tanker/

Nuclear sub 'collides' with tanker

 “OSLO, Norway -- The Norwegian owners of a tanker claim an unidentified object it collided with in the western Mediterranean was a U.S. nuclear submarine.

Shipping company Leif Hoegh said on Friday the hull of its tanker, the Norman Lady, was damaged in the incident two days ago.

The company said the vessel, which had just unloaded a cargo of explosive natural gas in Barcelona, Spain, struck a submerged object.

The collision took place at the same time and place as the U.S. Navy reported a collision between its Oklahoma City attack submarine and an unknown merchant vessel. ” 

LUCKY THAT TIME!

        Fortunately the LNG carrier had already unloaded its cargo  

        Fortunately only minor periscope contact damage occurred  

 

One of the Obvious Problems and Dangers with LNG Is That When One of the Many Things That Can Go Wrong  -  Does Go Wrong - The Results Can and Have Been Devastating, As If We Needed Anymore Tragic Proof.

1944                                                                                  2004

 

 

 

 

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