LNG Pipeline Danger To Our Communities  Tim Riley Law .com   760-683-5898

LNG is a danger to our communities. Co-Hosts Tim Riley and Hayden Riley dedicate their website to warn America about the many LNG safety concerns, and they want to help protect America from the imminent peril of liquefied natural gas.  As consumer protection advocates, the Rileys firmly believe that Liquefied Natural Gas poses a serious danger to our American communities. Consumer Protection Attorney Tim Riley warns about the many LNG safety risks and safety hazards, and that liquefied natural gas is unsafe and threatening America's coastline. Tim Riley warns about LNG tankers, LNG spills, LNG fires, LNG explosions, and LNG vulnerability to accident, earthquake and terrorism. Importing liquefied natural gas will make America more dependent on more foreign fossil fuel.  Co-Hosts Tim Riley and Hayden Riley urge us to write letters to local officials to stop LNG from coming to our American communities. They urge that we develop renewable energy resources instead of more reliance on the foreign fossil fuel LNG, and they urge more accountability, penalties, fines and imprisonment for corporate manipulation of the energy industry and energy market.

 

Consumer Protection Attorney Tim Riley Warns About Liquefied Natural Gas

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LNG PIPELINES

High Pressure Natural Gas Pipelines

Something Very Dangerous Is Underfoot...  

Natural Gas Pipeline Explosion & Fire, Edison, NJ

Read NTSB Pipeline Accident Reports:  Edison, NJ (1994)

 

     

February 2009

http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2008/1344/of2008-1344.pdf

Geologic and Seismic Hazards Affecting Proposed Liquefied Natural Gas Site in Santa Monica Bay, California. The LNG facility is proposed to lie in a region of known geologic hazards that include: "Strong shaking from earthquakes: the estimated probability of a magnitude 6.5 or larger earthquake occurring in the next 30 years..."

November 2007

ALERT: LNG Investigation - Videos - NBC

Saudi Gas Pipeline Fire Kills 28 The Associated Press  Saudi Arabia (AP) — “An explosion and fire on a gas pipeline killed 28 workers in eastern Saudi Arabia… The Hawiyah plant produces 310,000 barrels of ethane and liquefied natural gas daily.”

UPDATE 4-Fire breaks out at Saudi gas plant, causes deaths Reuters UK  “The state oil company said in a statement the fire was caused by a gas leak in the pipeline around 30 km (18 miles) from the natural gas liquids plant…

LA Daily News - Two area liquefied natural gas plants in pipeline Tim Riley, an Oxnard attorney who has made a film about the dangers of liquefied natural gas - or LNG - said the Oxnard LNG terminal could be at risk from earthquakes, accidents and terrorist attacks that would pose a risk to marine life as well as nearby residents. "I can't imagine this getting beyond the Coast Guard (review) because this Clearwater Port is too dangerous, and it's unneeded," Riley said.

July 31, 2004    Reuters News Agency

Gas pipeline explosion kills 15 in Belgium  "Fluxys LNG, which runs Belgium's network of gas pipelines, confirmed a gas leak caused the blast. The pipeline carried gas from Zeebrugge to northern France. It was the deadliest gas blast in Belgium since 1967, when a tanker truck carrying liquid gas blew up, killing 22 people."

July 30, 2004     BBC News

Fifteen die in Belgium gas blast A huge gas explosion in Belgium has killed 15 people and injured 120, many of them with serious burns. 

Photos by BBC News

WATCH AND LISTEN TO STREAMING VIDEO OF BELGIUM LNG GAS PIPELINE DISASTER

The BBC's Allan Little
"Debris from the initial explosion was found up to four miles away"

 

"The blast, at an industrial park about 30km (20 miles) south-west of Brussels, sent flames shooting into the air, and was felt over a wide area.

A fire service spokesman at the scene near the town of Ath said the site of the explosion looked like a war zone.

Emergency services treated the blast as a major incident and troops helped with the disaster response.

A nearby motorway was closed and local residents were advised to stay indoors with their windows closed.

It sounded as if a plane had crashed. All the windows shook... it was terrible, terrible

Witness 

Some of the dead are reported to have been killed as they went to investigate a leak in the pipeline carrying gas from the port of Zeebrugge on the Belgian coast to France.

Firefighters and policemen are among the casualties.

Devastation

A fire service spokesman told Reuters news agency that bodies and debris from the blast were scattered hundreds of metres around the disaster site at the Ghislenghien industrial park.

"There were bodies in parking lots, in the fields; burnt out cars in an area half a kilometre wide," he said. "It looks like a war zone.

Local resident Olivier Rampelberg, who lives about 3km (2 miles) from the scene, told Belgian television he heard the loud blast.

"It sounded like continuous thunder," he said. "Then little grains of scorched earth rained down."

Another witness told a radio reporter: "It sounded as if a plane had crashed. All the windows shook... it was terrible, terrible."

'Not dangerous'

Army units have been called in to help co-ordinate the disaster response and military helicopters have helped ferry victims to hospitals and specialist burn units.

France has also sent medical support and a helicopter.

Christian Otto, a spokesman for Fluxys, which runs the country's gas pipelines, said the blast completely destroyed buildings in the immediate area.

He said the company had stopped pumping gas along the line and had taken measures to keep supplying customers.

Acting provincial governor Guy Petit said local people were no longer at risk.

"This was a leak of gas for residential use - it is not a dangerous chemical," he said.

Belgian Interior Minister Patrick Dewael and Defence Minister Andre Flahaut have both gone to the scene and Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt has broken off his holiday in Italy to fly home and visit the disaster site.

Read a selection of your eyewitness accounts below

I live 25 kilometres from Ath, in the countryside. I was eating my breakfast outside and I suddenly heard what I thought to be a plane. After one minute or two, I saw a huge white cloud which was growing and growing, like a "slow motion" atomic cloud. I phoned the emergency services, dialling 112. The line was down. I also dialled 100, a traditional national emergency number. The line was also down. Then, I called the police. Before I could say anything, the guy told me "Wait a minute!". During at least two minutes, I heard people shouting and discussing. When the guy came back, he said "We know something happened, but we don't know what, sorry".

Philippe Félix, 1460 Ittre, Belgium

I am presently staying at my father's place and live in Silly, Belgium which is only a few miles from the explosion site. I was awoken this morning from the sound of a huge explosion and the house was shaking in it's foundation. I have never heard such a horrendous noise in my life, I went outside the front of the house, to see what was happening and could see flames shooting into the air and a grey/black smoke, filling the air around it!! My condole scenes go to those who lost their loved ones in this disaster, and my praise to those fire fighters and other emergency services, who put their own lives at risk to help and rescue the badly injured.

Natalie, Brussels

Our thoughts are with the Belgium people on this day

Liam Anderson, Aberdeen Scotland

At about 8:55 this morning I heard a loud rumble which slowly grew and then a bang. For a moment, I thought a tractor or large truck hit my house as the windows violently shook. However, the loud rumble increased, followed by an immense explosion then a sound resembling a plane landing very nearby. I ran out of the house, looked into the sky for an airplane. As I turned to look across the farmers' fields a huge flame rose in the air followed by several loud whooshes. The flames continued for nearly 20 minutes all the while with the whooshing still resembling a landing airplane. At the top of the flames, a great white cloud formed followed by a darkened one as the flames diminished. Shortly afterwards, there were sirens and helicopters while ash fell into my garden. I live approximately 5kms from the industrial site.

Jennifer Poulson, Gondregnies Belgium

My husband and I were waiting for someone to come to our house. We heard this loud noise and our house shook. I thought maybe a cargo plane was flying very low over our house. The sound continued so we went in our backyard. We saw a huge ball of smoke. I instantly thought of terrorism and was scared. A friend called and said she heard it was an airplane crash. My husband made some phone calls and we found out about the explosion.

Krista Sullivan, Herchies, Belgium

I live 10kms from the scene. I was opening the windows upstairs to let some fresh air in. suddenly there was a bang and a roaring noise as if an aeroplane was going through the sound barrier, shaking windows and doors, and then...amongst all the roaring, a small white cloud which became bigger and bigger. It was a very strange phenomenon, as there seemed to be no connection between the white cloud and earth. It grew bigger and bigger, until it stopped and slowly disintegrated. Later a black cloud was seen at the horizon after the roaring noise had stopped. The animals in the neighbourhood were terrified and in panic.

The atomic cloud thought struck my mind as well, and it was only when I put the radio on that I heard about the explosion and the many dead and injured. I hope this gets properly investigated. Apparently it was a burst main gas pipeline. Imagine this happening in a town, or city? Last week I reported a gas smell which came from a locked room in the underground car park of Brussels South Station. The security guy laughed, could not be bothered, thought it was my mind doing overtime...Time we take those things more serious...

Marleen De Wulf, Herne, Belgium

I was awoken early this morning by what I thought must have been a plane crash, the noise was extremely loud and unnerving!! The house was shaking to it's very foundations, I went outside to see what had happened and all I could see was this huge cloud of black smoke, and flames shooting high into the air!! Being a British citizen living in Belgium it took me a while to understand the extent of this disaster, I knew it was bad though, as all I could hear were ambulances and fire-engines going past my house every couple of minutes!!!"

Maddie Fros, Silly, Belgium  Published: 2004/07/30 17:16:54 GMT   © BBC MMIV

July 20, 2006

Citizen Safety a Paramount Concern: Washington Gas Requests Rehearing on FERC Decision to Allow Cove Point LNG Terminal Expansion Yahoo! News "Washington Gas experienced an increased number of leaks in an area of Prince George's County, Md., in late 2003. The leaks began shortly after the Cove Point LNG terminal was reactivated. Independent scientific testing and analysis confirmed that a change in gas composition was the key contributing factor to the increased leaks. The change was coincident with the introduction of natural gas from the Cove Point terminal. Washington Gas said that the FERC disregarded key facts that link natural gas from Dominion's Cove Point terminal to the leaks."

August 30, 2005

"... a 28-inch Liquefied Natural Gas underground pipeline exploded at Kalakama..."

"... a wild inferno which engulfed an estimated 27 square kilometers..."

Nigeria LNG pipeline explosion  The Tide - Port Harcourt, Niger Delta, Nigeria  Eleven persons are feared missing and aquatic life completely destroyed when a 28-inch Liquefied Natural Gas underground pipeline exploded at Kalakama, an Ogoloma fishing community in Okrika Local Government Area of Rivers State.

 The incident, which occurred at the weekend, resulted in a wild inferno which engulfed an estimated 27 square kilometers of the once rich Kalakama mangrove, killing sea foods and cash crops.

So huge, the impact of the explosion was felt on the Okrika Island and the Borikiri area of Port Harcourt where, residents were forced into a stampede for safety.

[Here is a follow-up story  NOTE: The August 31, 2005 Issue of World Gas Intelligence describes the recent Nigerian LNG disaster as a "supply hiccup."]

"SPOT LNG SQUEEZE: The global LNG spot market is looking tighter and tighter. Even as demand is ballooning in all key markets, squeeze points have cropped up on the supply side in the form of unplanned outages at LNG plants and unusually long ramp-up periods at new production facilities. The latest supply hiccup occurred at Nigeria LNG, where a leak in the main gas supply pipeline on Aug. 26 forced the closure of Trains 2 and 3. This follows an unexpectedly long outage in Trinidad and slow ramp-ups in Egypt. (Wednesday, August 31, 2005)" http://www.energyintel.com/PublicationHomePage.asp?publication_id=10

September 2, 2005

LNG explosion prompts new opposition to plant

The Tribune  By PAUL G TURNQUEST Tribune Staff Reporter

    FOLLOWING an explosion at a Nigerian liquefied natural gas pipeline, environmentalists and anti-LNG activists are exerting renewed pressure on the Bahamas to reject all proposals for LNG re-gasification facilities. The explosion that occurred over the weekend in Kalakama (Nigeria), resulted in a wild inferno which engulfed an estimated 27 square kilometers. Eleven persons are missing and aquatic life in the area was completely destroyed when the 28-inch underground pipeline exploded. The LNG debate spawned numerous town meetings in New Providence, Bimini, and Cat Cay with experts on both sides arguing their points on the matter. LNG is the liquid state of natural gas that has been super-cooled to -260 degrees Fahrenheit, shrinking it to 600 times smaller than its original volume. This makes the liquefied form more economical to ship. There is currently a proposal before Cabinet for the installation of a re-gasification facility at Ocean Cay, a man-made island nine miles away from Cat Cay, the very exclusive private island in the Bimini chain of islands. The project is being proposed by AES Ocean LNG Limited to construct, own and operate the facility, which would pump natural gas through a pipeline buried in the ocean bed to South Florida. According to Associated Press, the Nigeria blast was so huge that the impact was felt in Okrika Island and the Borikiri area of Port Harcourt, where residents were forced into a stampede to safety. Earlier this year, American environmentalists Tim and Hayden Riley came to Nassau to protest against an LNG facility being established in the Bahamas. They were due to speak at a town meeting that was postponed and never rescheduled.

    Risks  In an interview with The Tribune yesterday, Tim Riley said: “The Bahamian people should no longer consider taking the risks of an LNG disaster for the benefit of Florida. The energy industry referring to the Nigerian disaster as a mere “supply hiccup” is a clear example of complete disregard for human life, safety and the environment. “The recent Nigerian LNG pipeline explosion and fire engulfing 27 square kilometers is another horrifying example of why the Bahamas should reject all LNG proposals,” Mr Riley said. “They see disaster and human suffering as a mere cost of doing business which gets in the way of making more profits,” he said. However, experts in support of the LNG industry maintain that LNG is the safest viable energy source currently available. According to previous statements, they stated that the few accidents in the past involving LNG happened only after the super cooled liquid was allowed to revert to gas “without proper controls”. A quantity of LNG weighs less than half what an equal volume of water does. It is odourless, colourless, non-corrosive, and non-toxic. When vaporised, it burns only in concentrations of between five to 15 per cent when mixed with air, and according to ballistics experts, neither LNG nor its vapour can explode in an open environment. The LNG debate in the Bahamas subsided in June when Florida Power and Light, the intended customer of the AES project, announced that it would not be seeking new LNG sources in the immediate future.

July 7, 2005   Washington Post

Imported Gas Cited In Rash Of Leaks
 

Washington Gas officials said yesterday that a change from domestic to imported natural gas was the "key contributing factor" in a rash of leaks in underground mains and service lines in Prince George's County over the past two winters.

A company-sponsored study, launched after a District Heights house exploded in late March, found that subtle molecular differences in the imported liquefied natural gas the utility began using in August 2003 were drying the rubber seals of aging metal couplings that link sections of pipe.

The utility, which serves almost a million customers in the Washington region, said it now expects to spend $144 million -- almost double its original estimate -- to repair an estimated 1,400 leaks in Prince George's and to replace thousands of old couplings.

Whether the replacement program -- which company officials said is two-thirds complete -- will translate into higher rates for customers is an open question. The company has not asked state regulators for an increase, but retains the right to do so.

The frequency of leaks began to soar in late 2003, soon after the company started supplying Prince George's with imported gas, mainly from Trinidad, brought in by tanker through Dominion's Cove Point liquefied natural gas terminal in Calvert County. The leaks tapered off as customer demand for gas fell in the summer, but they surged again this past winter…

July 8, 2005

Washington Gas Blames Liquid Gas for Prince George's Leaks

FORESTVILLE, Md. (AP) - Washington Gas said Thursday it plans to ask its supplier of liquefied natural gas to remix the fuel before delivering it to customers after the company released a report blaming the gas for more than a thousand leaks in Prince George's County.

The report, sponsored by the company, concludes that the gas, also known as LNG, caused rubber seals within pipe couplings to shrink and leak. Washington Gas said that shrinkage was a major factor in the 1,400 leaks discovered in a 100-square mile swath of Prince George's after a District Heights house exploded in March...

LNG is natural gas chilled to 260 degrees below zero, and is considered ideal for shipping because it takes up much less space than the gas form of the fuel. Dominion reheats the gas into gas form at Cove Point and distributes it to utilities in the region.

But when natural gas is first converted to a liquid, heavy hydrocarbons such as hexane are removed. When the liquid gas is changed back to its gaseous form, those hydrocarbons are gone.

Washington Gas says the absence of those hydrocarbons is likely to blame for the shrinking of its rubber couplings. The company plans to ask Dominion to add hydrocarbons either at Cove Point or mix it with other natural gas from pipelines that run through the region. Washington Gas may also add hydrocarbons at its own facilities...

 

May 17, 2005

LNG Breaking News www.TimRileyLaw.com 

Re: BHP Cabrillo Port Application Docket # USCG-2004-16877  Formal Comments by Tim Riley Posted by the USCG on the Docket Management System 

The recent U.S. Gov. Seismic Hazards Survey clearly undermines and precludes Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) facilities in coastal Ventura County California.

    Approving an application to locate and operate any LNG facility in coastal Ventura County - in light of the recent U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey - would be a gross dereliction of duty by the USCG, MARAD, California State Lands Commission, the Secretary of the DOT, and Gov. Schwarzenegger.

SEE: Open-File Report 2004-1286 by the U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey (Executive Summary Below)

"Comments on Potential Geologic and Seismic Hazards Affecting Coastal Ventura County"

Executive Summary

    "This report examines the regional seismic and geologic hazards that could affect proposed liquefied natural gas (LNG) facilities in coastal Ventura County, California. Faults throughout this area are thought to be capable of producing earthquakes of magnitude 6.5 to 7.5, which could produce surface fault offsets of as much as 15 feet. Many of these faults are sufficiently well understood to be included in the current generation of the National Seismic Hazard Maps; others may become candidates for inclusion in future revisions as research proceeds. Strong shaking is the primary hazard that causes damage from earthquakes and this area is zoned with a high level of shaking hazard. The estimated probability of a magnitude 6.5 or larger earthquake (comparable in size to the 2003 San Simeon quake) occurring in the next 30 years within 30 miles of Platform Grace is 50-60%; for Cabrillo Port, the estimate is a 35% likelihood. Combining these probabilities of earthquake occurrence with relationships that give expected ground motions yields the estimated seismic-shaking hazard. In parts of the project area, the estimated shaking hazard is as high as along the San Andreas Fault. The combination of long-period basin waves and LNG installations with large long-period resonances potentially increases this hazard…”

To read the entire Government Report in PDF Form go to: http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1286/of2004-1286.pdf 

For Real-time Forecast of Earthquake Hazard in the Next 24 Hours  Click: http://pasadena.wr.usgs.gov/step/

 

 ¤Liquefied Natural Gas¤

Proposals Require

PIPELINES

Running From Off Shore Platforms

Along The Ocean Floor

Through Our Beaches

Onto Our Shore

 

Huge Industrial-Sized Hazardous Pipelines

24 Inch Diameter Pipelines - 36 Inch Diameter Pipelines & Larger

Running Through Our Residential Neighborhoods

Near Our Schools & Homes

Gas Pipelines Holding More Than 1000 X's the Pressure of Residential Gas Pipelines

 

If A Small Residential 3/4 inch Diameter Gas Pipeline Broke

The Emergency Teams Would Evacuate an Entire Block

 

CAN YOU IMAGINE THE MAYHEM 

IF A HUGE PIPE WITH MORE THAN 1000 X's THE PRESSURE BROKE

WOULD WE EVEN HAVE TIME TO EVACUATE?

 

Vulnerable Explosive Pipelines

Connecting To a Distribution Hub

Star Bursting In All Directions

One Current Proposal Wants Its

MAJOR DISTRIBUTION HUB AT ORMOND BEACH, CA  

The Other Current Proposal Wants Its

MAJOR DISTRIBUTION HUB WITHIN THE CAMARILLO, CA  AREA

[See Example Below]

Huge Explosive Pipelines  Projected to Carry More Than 200 Billion Cubic Feet of

Natural Gas Annually Through Our Residential Community 'Nothing to Worry About'

 

Except Maybe…

Earthquakes, Corrosion, Metal Fatigue, Manufacturing Defects, Leakage, Human Error…  & Now Terrorists  

December 26, 2006 Nigeria Pipeline Blast Kills Over 200  Outside the Beltway Thieves trying to steal gas from a pipeline in Lagos, Nigeria have caused an explosion that has killed over 200 people. At least 200 people were killed Tuesday when a pipeline carrying petroleum products exploded...   Pipeline Blast Incinerates Dozens   CNN

December 29, 2006

PHMSA Advisory on Pipeline Safety:  Lessons Learned From a Security Breach at a Liquefied Natural Gas Facility [In the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), PHMSA - the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration has public responsibilities for safe and secure movement of hazardous materials to industry and consumers by all transportation modes, including the nation's pipelines.]

Greeley Tribune

March 25, 2003 & March 26, 2003

Eaton Fire   
Investigators look for cause of Gas Pipeline Explosion in Colorado 

“24-inch pipeline…exploded…

500-foot tower of flames.”

PIPE LAID JUST ONE YEAR AGO

HUGE CRATER LEFT FROM THE BLAST

 2 STORIES DEEP

50 FEET WIDE

.2 MILES LONG

Investigating the cause of the pipeline explosion , the investigators queried:

Inherent flaw in the metal?

Too much pressure?

Construction error?

Corrosion?  

 

The Providence Journal

LNG Plan Spurs Worry of Insurance Hikes  February 10, 2004  http://www.projo.com/massachusetts/content/projo_20040210_fr10lng.1e8f5.html

    FALL RIVER -- Residents and insurance brokers have said they fear a proposed liquefied natural gas plant will drive up property insurance rates or make coverage unavailable...

 

April 30, 2004

ENVIRONMENTAL NEWS NETWORK ENN.com   Full Story:  http://www.enn.com/news/2004-04-30/s_23344.asp  

Inconsistent quality of natural gas raises safety and reliability concerns

SUMMARY:    Liquefied Natural Gas burns like a "wet" gas, hotter than processed natural gas, thus has the potential for serious problems. The heavier concentration of liquid hydrocarbons has excessive carbon monoxide emissions, and can damage equipment from soot, and damage gas stoves, water heaters, and furnaces and could reduce their lifespan by as much as 50 percent. 

Where the liquids get carried all the way to the turbines, it can damage them and shut them down, and would cost approximately several hundred thousand dollars per power plant.

 

March 10, 2004 

Gov. Bush postpones gas pipelines  Miami Herald  Full Story: http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/news/world/8151799.htm

Plans by AES Corp. and Tractebel Calypso Pipeline Co. to link the Bahamas and Broward County via natural gas pipelines have been delayed.

     TALLAHASSEE - Plans to stretch two natural gas pipelines along the ocean floor from the Bahamas to Broward County were put on hold Tuesday as Gov. Jeb Bush and the Cabinet decided there are too many unanswered questions about potential gas leaks and damage to coral reefs.

    ''If Florida becomes a point of entry for natural gas from the Caribbean to service the eastern United States, I'm not sure that's a great deal for us,'' Bush said.

    He warned that if the pipes are laid on the ocean floor, instead of buried, they could become a terrorist target, and if they don't install enough shut-off valves the highly flammable liquid could bubble up to the surface and ignite by the fire of a simple cigarette.

     ''So gas dissipates through 60 feet of water, and you light a cigarette, and you're in your boat trying to catch a dolphin, and it blows you up to smithereens,'' Bush said, acknowledging the potential safety threats.

 

August 19, 2000

ABCNEWS.com (Magellan Geographix)   http://abcnews.go.com/sections/us/DailyNews/blast000821.html

Pipeline Tragedy

Flames Turned Sand Into Glass

   The Saturday morning explosion of the 30-inch pipeline was

   Visible about 20 miles to the north in Carlsbad, N.M.

 August 21, 2000

     The victims belonged to two extended families camping at a site near the Pecos River when the pipeline exploded 500 feet away. Burning fuel rained down from the sky onto the victims, federal officials said.

     Some had been fishing along the river’s banks, their lanterns set up to light their way, officials said. Others had been asleep. Officials said they would have had no chance to escape the flash of fire that caught them between the river and the exploded gas line.

      Witnesses say the blast sent a ball of flames into the sky.

     “It reminded me of something you see on TV, like when there’s a war going — when there’s been some bombs dropped or something,” said Saul Ray Sanchez, assistant chief of the Loving Fire Department, close to the blast site. “It looked devastating.”

     Sanchez, one of the first firefighters on the scene, said he saw a scorched car. The heat from the explosion completely melted away the tires. The heat was so intense it turned sand into glass and part of a concrete bridge structure turned into powder. 

 

ABCNEWS.com

August 20, 2000

‘A Huge Ball of Fire’  http://abcnews.go.com/sections/us/DailyNews/blast000820.html

    The 30-inch pipeline exploded around 5:30 a.m. Saturday, and left a crater about 86 feet long, 46 feet wide and 20 feet deep. Police say the resulting fire probably lasted 30 to 40 minutes. It reportedly was visible about 20 miles to the north in Carlsbad, N.M.

Virtual Flamethrower

Authorities said one end of the ruptured line became a virtual flame-thrower, showering fire on the victims camped beneath a bridge about 200 yards away.

State Police Capt. John Balderston said… “I’ve never seen anything like this,” he added. “We’ve had some tragedies but this is the worst I’ve seen.”

 

National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB)

SURVIVAL FACTORS GROUP CHAIRMAN’S FACTUAL REPORT, Revision 1  October 18, 2001  http://www.viadata.com/ntsb/227190.pdf

 Accident:

Carrier: El Paso Natural Gas Company

100 North Stanton St. El Paso, Texas 79901-1442

Location: El Paso Natural Gas Pipeline Pecos River Crossing

Adjacent to Route 725, Eddy County, New Mexico

Date: August 19, 2000

Time: 0530 Mountain Daylight Time

Number: DCA-99-MP001

             Summary

About 0530, the El Paso Natural Gas transmission pipeline ruptured near the point where the pipeline crosses the Pecos River, adjacent to New Mexico State Route 725 in Eddy County, New Mexico. After the rupture, a natural gas fire started and burned for approximately 51 minutes. The fire destroyed three pickup trucks that were parked in the vicinity and miscellaneous camping equipment.

         As a result of the fire, seven adults, three children and two infants were fatally injured.

         Timber Heady, female, 6-months was found on the east river bank near the north side of the El Paso Natural Gas Company Pecos River Bridge. The cause of death was extensive thermal burns.

        Tamber Heady, female, 6-months was found on the east river bank near the north side of the El Paso Natural Gas Company Pecos River Bridge. The cause of death was extensive thermal burns.

        Kelsey Heady, female, 21-months, was found on the east river bank near the north side of the El Paso Natural Gas Company Pecos River Bridge. The cause of death was extensive thermal burns.

         Dustin Smith, male, 3-years, was found in the interior of a 1978 Ford pickup truck which was parked south of the east end of the El Paso Natural Gas Company, Pecos River Bridge. The cause of death was extensive thermal burns and smoke inhalation.

         Terry Smith, male, 23-years, was found approximately 40 feet south of the east end of the El Paso Natural Gas Company Pecos River Bridge. The cause of death was extensive thermal burns and carbon monoxide poisoning. 

        Jessie Don Sumler, male, 55-years, was found approximately 92 feet south of the east end of the El Paso Natural Gas Company Pecos River Bridge. The cause of death was extensive thermal burns with charring and carbon monoxide poisoning.

        Six persons who temporarily survived the fire entered the Pecos River from the east bank at the bridge. All were located ¼ mile downstream on the west bank by an El Paso Gas Company employee and emergency responders. Four persons died later on August 19, 2000. Two persons survived for longer periods of time.

        Glenda Sumler, female, 47-years died on August 19, 2000 at University Medical Center, Lubbock, Texas. According to the Lubbock County Medical Examiner, the cause of death was 50 percent total body surface burns with severe inhalation injuries.

         Roy D. Heady, male, 20-years died on August 19, 2000 at University Medical Center, Lubbock, Texas. According to the Lubbock County Medical Examiner, the cause of death was 80 percent total body surface burns.

         Amy Heady, female, 18-years died on August 19, 2000 at University Medical Center, Lubbock, Texas. According to the Lubbock County Medical Examiner, the cause of death was 90 percent total body surface burns. The upper airways showed burn injuries.

        Bobby Smith, male, 43-years died on August 21, 2000 at University Medical Center, Lubbock, Texas. According to the Lubbock County Medical Examiner, the cause of death was 60 percent total body surface burns.

        Kirsten Sumler, female, 5-years died at 2134, August 19, 2000, shortly after arrival at Shriners Hospital, Galveston, Texas. According to the prosector (sic) of the Department of Pathology, Shriners Hospital, Galveston Texas, the cause of death was 80 percent total body surface burns of which 65 percent were 3 rd degree burns.

        Amanda Sumler Smith, female, 25-years died on September 5, 2000 at University Medical Center, Lubbock, Texas. According to the Lubbock County Medical Examiner, the cause of death was complications of burns. The medical examiner noted that she developed acute pneumonia and defused alveolar damage (hyaline membrane disease- adult respiratory distress syndrome).

  

bizjournal.com   September 16, 2002 http://www.bizjournals.com/albuquerque/stories/2002/09/16/story3.html

El Paso Corp. settles with victims' families

“Chapman and Rackley filed suit in the District Court of Eddy County in February 2000 charging El Paso with five counts of wrongful death. The case was set to go to trial on October 1 in the Fifth Judicial District Court in Chaves County. Claims for the other seven people killed were filed as separate lawsuits, and have been settled out of court for undisclosed amounts since 2000. The only amount disclosed was a $14 million settlement for one of the victims. ”

                Safety Violations

 “The DOT is seeking a $2.52 million civil penalty from El Paso for safety violations including: failing to ensure qualified personnel performed corrosion control procedures; transporting corrosive gas on numerous occasions without taking proper and mitigative steps; failing to follow procedures for surveillance of its facilities; failure to take action to reduce the possibility of pipeline failure following a similar incident in 1996; and not having an accurate elevation map for lines involved in the Carlsbad incident, which would have shown where liquid could accumulate and corrosion could occur. ”

 

Palm Beach Post November 21, 2004  Full Story: http://www.palmbeachpost.com/business/content/business/epaper/2004/11/21/a1f_LNG_1121.html

Florida pipeline plan considered

A crowded Palm Beach Water Taxi puttered past the in-progress Marriott's Ocean Pointe on Singer Island, jetted over near Florida Power & Light Co.'s Riviera Station plant and then stopped at Peanut Island.

On board for this three-hour tour in July were engineers, federal regulators and representatives from FPL and El Paso Corp., a giant Houston-based energy provider.

Officials — mostly from Palm Beach Shores — filled the rest of the seats, firing off questions about the Seafarer pipeline, a proposed 128-mile project that would carry 800 million cubic feet of natural gas each day from Grand Bahama Island into Palm Beach County starting in 2008.

"There's no concern for the people, the people," one attendee said.

"We will also be neighbors of you and neighbors of the pipeline," countered an official with El Paso.

Last week, El Paso filed official papers with the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission asking for permission to build the Seafarer pipeline. And although the idea of the line, which will come ashore at Riviera Beach, has some area residents worried, they might be on the wrong side of history.

That's because natural gas — and liquefied natural gas, or LNG, in particular — increasingly is being seen as a crucial element of the nation's energy supply.

The problem with LNG is twofold, opponents say.

In the first place, using another fossil fuel only puts off developing alternative, renewable sources of energy. Increasing amounts of LNG will need to be imported, just like with oil.

"It's going to make us more vulnerable and manipulated," said Tim Riley, an outspoken consumer protection attorney in California and activist who has devoted much of his Web site, timrileylaw.com, to the hazards of natural gas lines.

"Countries are going to create their own LNG OPEC, and that would stop the research and development of American energy resources," he said.

Secondly, there's the increasingly familiar black cloud of terrorism. LNG terminals and lines could become targets for those wishing to launch a deadly assault on American soil.

"When you deal with LNG, they don't even have to bring in a bomb, they merely have to provide the trigger," Riley said.

Liquefied natural gas got a big lift last year at the hands of Federal Reserve Chairman Alan Greenspan. In a June appearance before the House Energy Committee, Greenspan said LNG imports could improve the fuel supply situation in the United States.

"We just hate it," said Gayle Ameche, who lives in Palm Beach Shores, where she runs a small hotel called the Portside. "A pressurized pipeline that close to residents is a bad idea all around."

 

The Mercury News   October 26, 2004   http://www.mercurynews.com/mld/mercurynews/news/local/states/california/the_valley/10020737.htm

Capps Warns of Earthquake Risk Near Proposed Gas Facilities

VENTURA, Calif. (AP) - U.S. Rep. Lois Capps, D-Santa Barbara, wants federal officials to examine the possible earthquake hazards near proposed liquefied natural gas facilities off the Ventura County coast.

Capps sent letters Monday to the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, the Coast Guard, the Department of Energy and the Department of Transportation asking for an evaluation of seismic activity in the Santa Barbara Channel before approving LNG facilities.

BHP Billiton and Crystal Energy want to build offshore terminals to convert the liquid back into a gas and send it to onshore Southern California Gas Co. buildings through pipes on the ocean floor.

BHP Billiton's site, called Cabrillo Port, would be 14 miles offshore, while Crystal Energy hopes to use Platform Grace, an unused oil platform 12 miles off Oxnard.

At Capps' request, the U.S. Geological Survey determined earthquake faults in the area could produce earthquakes up to magnitude-7.5.

"Earthquakes of this magnitude are capable of producing strong shaking, liquefaction, landslides, turbidity currents and tsunamis," Capps wrote. "In fact, the report reveals that in parts of the project area, the estimated shaking hazard is as high as along the San Andreas Fault."

A large earthquake in the area of the proposed projects "could create a 'pool fire' or ignitable 'vapor cloud' that is extremely dangerous, threatening life and property in all directions from the facility," Capps wrote.

 

The Last Place On Earth You Want To Run Huge Industrial Sized Natural Gas Pipelines

Is Through A Residential EARTHQUAKE ZONE  !!!

 

It Would Only Be A Matter Of Time...

For Real-time Forecast of Earthquake Hazard in the Next 24 Hours  Click: http://pasadena.wr.usgs.gov/step/

July 13, 2005

LNG Causes Pipeline Leaks - Warning by LngDanger.com
Emediawire (press release) - Ferndale, WA, USA

            Tim Riley and Hayden Riley, hosts of http://LngDanger.com, and producers of the LNG documentary film: The Risks and Danger of LNG, warn that a new report reveals - LNG causes pipe couplings to shrink and leak.

(PRWEB) July 13, 2005 -- The Washington Post reported on July 7, 2005, “A company-sponsored study, launched after a District Heights house exploded in late March, found that subtle molecular differences in the imported liquefied natural gas the utility began using in August 2003 were drying the rubber seals of aging metal couplings that link sections of pipe.” Prince George's County Executive Jack Johnson said, “he was ‘very alarmed’ that the gas industry knew since 1992 that changes in gas composition could cause couplings to leak.”

“We too, are very concerned that the energy industry knew of this problem, and yet the siting of new and expanded Liquefied Natural Gas importation facilities is moving at a fast-tracked pace,” said Hayden Riley.

“It is time to put the brakes on, and slow down the LNG application process - nationwide - until this troubling report and possible solution is fully examined and fully understood. We don’t want our communities being exposed to dangers of pipeline leaks and explosions from regasified LNG,” said Tim Riley.

The Washington Post further stated, “The frequency of leaks began to soar in late 2003, soon after the company started supplying Prince George's with imported gas, mainly from Trinidad, brought in by tanker through Dominion's Cove Point liquefied natural gas terminal in Calvert County.”

“We are very concerned that the leaks started within six months of the regasified LNG passing through the pipeline system. This shocking revelation proves that LNG’s allegedly innovated and modern technology has many flaws. What also upsets us is that apparently the industry knew about this danger, and nevertheless has failed to disclose this vital information during the nationwide LNG application siting process,” said Hayden Riley.

On July 9, 2005, The Washington Post reported, “The company attributes the leaks to the composition of imported gas, which it has said causes the rubber seals in underground pipe couplings to shrink. Officials hope that by mixing the gas with hexane and pentane -- heavy hydrocarbons lost during the liquefaction process -- or by blending it with domestic supplies, the additives will absorb into the seals, swelling and sealing the couplings.”

Hayden Riley added, “Naturally, the LNG company claims they complied with ‘current standards’ and therefore there is nothing wrong with the gas composition; and further claims there has to be something wrong with the gas company’s pipes. The gas company also claims they complied with ‘current standards.’ So we as bystanders, who face all the risk of their mistakes are relegated to watch their obnoxious finger-pointing game, and suffer injury on top of insult for their lack of responsibility. Clearly, proper standards, when it comes to regasified LNG are not known or high enough.”

“My cell-phone complies with FCC standards, and yet it drops calls all the time. I’m sure the LNG company and the gas company were both complying with ‘current standards.’ Unfortunately, the learning curve requires tragic accidents occur before we recognize when ‘current standards’ are outdated,” said Tim Riley. “California is now considering four LNG importation proposals. California’s pipeline ‘standards’ are as high and adequate as their wishful thinking permits, nevertheless their standard, at this point is purely speculative at best since California has no experience whatsoever in transmitting regasified LNG through a system which faces constant earthquake and seismic activity. LNG is too dangerous for Monday quarterbacking,” Riley added.

According to the Baltimore Sun on July 8, 2005, “‘The breakdown of seals in the couplings of gas pipelines led to about 1,400 gas leaks during the past two years, and has required the company to launch a $144 million project to replace lines and equipment,’ said Tim Sargeant, spokesman for the utility.”

"‘We are experiencing a significant increase in leaks in a 100-square-mile area of Prince George's County,’ Sargeant said. ‘We have not ruled out the possibility of a rate increase in the future,’ to pay for the extensive repairs, he said.”

Hayden Riley suggested that, “Those currently willing to risk residential neighborhoods exploding from regasified LNG leaks in hopes that they might save a few bucks a month on cheaper utility gas prices, now have to take a second look. The alleged price benefits of importing LNG apparently have costly hidden dangers as well.”

Tim Riley concluded, “Higher utility rates for replacement of couplings, pipe repairs and upgrading pipelines damaged by or to accommodate regasified LNG, will inevitably be passed on to consumers who will be forced to pay higher utility costs. Obviously this factor alone makes it clear that LNG will not bring down our utility costs, and to think otherwise is very naïve.”

 

September 1, 2005

A Huge Disaster As Konya visits LNG gas explosion site
The Tide - Port Harcourt, Niger Delta, Nigeria• Thursday   The explosion, last week Friday, of a 28 inch wide liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) underground pipeline at Kalakama, an Ogoloma fishing community, in Okrika Local Government Area of Rivers State, provides a gory picture of the real and apparent danger, peoples of the Niger Delta daily face.

Governors form regional oceans council to manage environment
Boston Globe - United States

PROVIDENCE, R.I. --Gov. Don Carcieri hailed a deal reached by the New England states this week to create a regional oceans council to better manage the environment.

He also said he would prefer to pipe liquefied natural gas from Canada rather than build terminals in New England.

Each New England state will appoint a representative to the oceans council, which will issue its recommendations by the spring. The states agreed on the plan this week during a meeting of New England governors and Canadian premiers. Carcieri, who co-chaired the event, said he would like to see Rhode Island continue its leadership in oceans management.

With opposition to the construction of a liquefied natural gas terminal in Fall River, Mass., growing, Carcieri suggested building new terminals in remote, lightly populated areas of Canada and piping it to New England.

"They would be happy to host these terminals," he said.

Carcieri said Canada has large reserves of natural gas and many LNG terminals. Storing LNG there and piping it through New England is "a better solution" than building new terminals in Rhode Island and Massachusetts, he said.

Tankers moving LNG to a planned terminal in Fall River would close Newport Harbor for at least 20 minutes several times per week, disrupting transportation and possibly discouraging tourism in the area, according to a report released last week.

October 20, 2005

LI Sound Gas Proposal Is Target Of New Concerns TheDay (subscription) - New London, CT One of the key concerns raised by Iroquois is how its pipeline could accept the additional gas from the LNG plant. “Our pipeline is full right now,” said Anita Flanagan, a company spokeswoman.  The letter also says that gas currently passing through the pipeline is slightly different in chemical composition from the liquefied natural gas that would come from the Broadwater depot. The LNG gas would be extracted overseas, supercooled and shipped to the Broadwater platform to be reheated before being fed into the Iroquois pipeline. It burns hotter than the type of gas in the Iroquois pipeline. In view of those differences, the letter asks what changes would have to be made to the Iroquois equipment, whether Broadwater will pay for them, and whether Iroquois and its customers will be protected against any costs or other possible adverse impacts from the introduction of LNG gas into the system.

January 13, 2006

Map raises terrorism concerns Fall River Herald News - Fall River, MA-- Until she recently spoke with a Hess LNG official, Cecile Scofield wasn’t worried about terrorism associated with the company’s planned liquefied natural gas facility. She is now...

January 23, 2006

Explosions in Southern Russia Sever Gas Lines to Georgia NY Times Explosions in Russia severed the country's natural gas pipelines to neighboring Georgia, plunging it into heat and electricity shortages.

August 18, 2006

DeFazio opposes eminent domain in pipeline construction News-Review - Roseburg, OR ... The proposed 36-inch pipeline would stretch across southwest Oregon from a liquefied natural gas terminal in Coos Bay and connect to a main natural gas

October 14, 2006

Barge explosion death toll mounts The Daily Advertiser - Lafayette, LA Local authorities on Friday continued their search for the missing, now deemed a "recovery effort" while federal authorities investigated the reasons behind the explosion that occurred when a tugboat carrying two barges struck an underwater gas pipeline… According to the National Transportation Safety Board, which is leading the investigation, a pylon on one of the barges may have slipped off and punctured a high-pressure gas line below…

LIST OF PIPELINE EXPLOSIONS AS REPORTED BY THE

NATIONAL TRANSPORTATION AND SAFETY BOARD 

http://www.ntsb.gov/Publictn/P_Acc.htm 

NTSB Seal/Home.Publications.
Pipeline Accidents


NTSB Home | Availability

Recent publications are available online in the Adobe Portable Document Format (PDF), which requires the free Acrobat Reader from Adobe for viewing. IMPORTANT: Some PDF publications are quite large - see the Summary description for each document to obtain file size. (Questions/Problems/Tips)

Title: Pipeline Accident Brief: Natural Gas Service Line Break and Subsequent Explosion and Fire, Bergenfield, New Jersey, December 13, 2005
NTSB Report Number: PAB-07-01, adopted on 5/1/2007 [Full Text | PDF Document]
Title: Pipeline Accident Brief: Natural Gas Pipeline Leak, Explosion, and Fire in DuBois, Pennsylvania, August 21, 2004
NTSB Report Number: PAB-06-01, adopted on 5/31/2006 [Full Text | PDF Document]
Title: Excavation Damage to Natural Gas Distribution Line Resulting in Explosion and Fire, Wilmington, Delaware, July 2, 2003.
NTSB Report Number: PAB-04-01, adopted on 4/6/2004 [Full Text | PDF Document]
Title: Natural Gas Pipeline Rupture and Fire Near Carlsbad, New Mexico August 19, 2000
NTSB Report Number: PAR-03-01, adopted on 2/11/2003 [Summary | PDF Document]
NTIS Report Number: PB2003-916501
Title: Pipeline Accident Report: Pipeline Rupture and Release of Gasoline, Olympic Pipeline Company, Bellingham, Washington, June 10, 1999
NTSB Report Number: PAR-02-02, adopted on 10/8/2002 [Summary | PDF Document]
NTIS Report Number: PB2002-916502
Title: Pipeline Accident Report: Rupture of Piney Point Oil Pipeline and Release of Fuel Oil Near Chalk Point, Maryland
NTSB Report Number: PAR-02-01, adopted on 7/23/2002 [Summary | PDF Document]
NTIS Report Number: PB2002-916501
Title: Pipeline Accident Report: Natural Gas Explosion and Fire, South Riding, Virginia, July 7, 1998
NTSB Report Number: PAR-01-01, adopted on 6/12/2001 [Summary | PDF Document]
NTIS Report Number: PB2001-916501
Title: Hazardous Liquid Pipe Failure and Leak, Explorer Pipeline Company, Greenville, Texas, March 9, 2000
NTSB Report Number: PAB-01-03, adopted on 7/6/2001 [Full Text | PDF Document]
Title: Hazardous Liquid Pipe Failure and Leak, Marathon Ashland Pipe Line, LLC Winchester, Kentucky, January 27, 2000
NTSB Report Number: PAB-01-02, adopted on 5/3/2001 [Full Text | PDF Document]
Title: Hazardous Liquid Petroleum Products Pipeline Rupture, Colonial Pipeline Company, Knoxville, Tennessee, February 9, 1999
NTSB Report Number: PAB-01-01, adopted on 3/28/2001 [Full Text | PDF Document]
Title: Natural Gas Service Line and Rupture and Subsequent Explosion and Fire, Bridgeport, Alabama, January 22, 1999
NTSB Report Number: PAB-00-01, adopted on 11/28/2000 [Full Text | PDF Document]
Title: Pipeline Accident Report: Natural Gas Pipeline Rupture and Subsequent Explosion, St. Cloud, Minnesota, December 11, 1998
NTSB Report Number: PAR-00-01, adopted on 7/11/2000 [Summary | PDF Document]
NTIS Report Number: PB2000-916501
Title: Hazardous Liquid Petroleum Products Overpressure Rupture, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, November 5, 1996
NTSB Report Number: PAB-99-03, adopted on 4/29/1999 [Full Text | PDF Document]
Title: Pipeline Rupture and Fire, Indianapolis, Indiana, July 21, 1997
NTSB Report Number: PAB-99-02, adopted on 4/20/1999 [Full Text | PDF Document]
Title: Pipe Failure and Leak, Morgan Falls Landfill, Sandy Springs, Georgia, March 30, 1998
NTSB Report Number: PAB-99-01, adopted on 3/22/1999 [Full Text | PDF Document]
Title: Pipeline Rupture, Liquid Butane Release and Fire Lively, Texas August 24, 1996
NTSB Report Number: PAR98-02*, adopted on 11/6/1998 [Summary | PDF Document]
NTIS Report Number: PB98-916503
Title: Pipeline Rupture and Release of Fuel Oil in the Reedy River at Fork Shoals, South Carolina June 26, 1996
NTSB Report Number: PAR-98-01, adopted on 11/4/1998 [Summary | PDF Document]
NTIS Report Number: PB98-916502
Title: Pipeline Accident Summary Report Natural Gas Pipeline Rupture and Fire During Dredging of Tiger Pass, Louisiana October 23, 1996
NTSB Report Number: PAR98-01*, adopted on 9/28/1998 [Summary | PDF Document]
NTIS Report Number: PB98-916501
Title: Release of Hazardous Liquid Near Gramercy, Louisiana, May 23, 1996
NTSB Report Number: PAB-98-01, adopted on 9/21/1998 [Full Text | PDF Document]
Title: Fire and Explosion, Midwest Gas Company, Waterloo, Iowa, October 17, 1994
NTSB Report Number: PAB-98-02, adopted on 4/23/1998 [Full Text | PDF Document]
Title: San Juan Gas Company, Inc./Enron Corp. Propane Gas Explosion in San Juan, Puerto Rico on November 21, 1996 (ALSO AVIALABLE IN SPANISH)
NTSB Report Number: PAR-97-01, adopted on 12/23/1997 [Summary | PDF Document]
NTIS Report Number: PB97-916501
Title: UGI Utilities, Inc., Natural Gas Distribution Pipeline Explosion and Fire Allentown, Pennsylvania June 9, 1994
NTSB Report Number: PAR-96-01, adopted on 2/26/1996 [Summary | PDF Document]
NTIS Report Number: PB96-916501
Title: Texas Eastern Transmission Corporation Natural Gas Piepline Explosion and Fire Edison, New Jersey March 23, 1994.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-95-01, adopted on 1/18/1995
NTIS Report Number: PB95-916501
Title: Highly Volatile Release from Underground Storage Cavern and Explosion Mapco Natural Gas Liquids, Inc. Brenham, Texas April 7, 1992.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-93-01, adopted on 11/4/1993
NTIS Report Number: PB93-916502
Title: Chicago, Illinois -- January 17, 1992.
NTSB Report Number: PAR93-01*, adopted on 1/5/1993
NTIS Report Number: PB93-916501
Title: Natural Gas Explosion and Fire Department of Defense/Army Fort Benjamin Harrison Indianapolis, Indiana December 9, 1990
NTSB Report Number: PAR-92-01, adopted on 4/8/1992
NTIS Report Number: PB92-916501
Title: Liquid Propane Pipeline Rupture and Fire Texas Eastern Products Pipeline Company North Blenheim, New York March 13, 1990
NTSB Report Number: PAR-91-01, adopted on 6/11/1991
NTIS Report Number: PB91-916501
Title: Kansas Power and Light Company Natural Gas Pipeline Accidents September 16, 1988 to March 29, 1989 (Revised).
NTSB Report Number: PAR-90-03, adopted on 3/27/1990
NTIS Report Number: PB-90-916503
Title: Fire on Board the F/V Northumberland and Rupture of a Natural Gas Transmission Pipeline in the Gulf of Mexico Near Sabine Pass, TX October 3, 1989.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-90-02, adopted on 9/11/1990
NTIS Report Number: PB90-916502
Title: Kansas Power and Light Company Natural Gas Pipeline Accidents (revised PAR-90-03) September 16, 1988 to March 29, 1989.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-90-01, adopted on 3/27/1990
NTIS Report Number: PB90-916501
Title: Green Oaks, Il--August 31, 1988.
NTSB Report Number: PAR89-01*, adopted on 9/30/1989
NTIS Report Number: PB89-916501
Title: Piedmont Natural Gas Company Natural Gas Explosion and Fire Winston-Salem, North Carolina January 18, 1988
NTSB Report Number: PAR-88-01, adopted on 10/25/1988
NTIS Report Number: PB88-916501
Title: Chicago Heights, IL--March 13, 1986.
NTSB Report Number: PAR87-01*, adopted on 9/30/1987
NTIS Report Number: PB87-916504
Title: Lone Star Gas Company Gas Explosion and Fire Fort Worth, Texas March 12, 1986.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-87-03, adopted on 8/4/1987
NTIS Report Number: PB87-916503
Title: Williams Pipe Line Company Liquid Pipeline Rupture and Fire Mounds Views, Minnesota July 8, 1986.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-87-02, adopted on 7/20/1987
NTIS Report Number: PB87-916502
Title: Texas Eastern Gas Pipeline Company Ruptures and Fires at Beaumont, Kentucky on April 27, 1985 and Lancaster, Kentucky on February 21, 1986.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-87-01, adopted on 2/18/1987
NTIS Report Number: PB87-916501
Title: Northeast Utilities Service Co. Explosion and Fire Derby, Connecticut December 6, 1985.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-86-02, adopted on 11/14/1986
NTIS Report Number: PB86-916503
Title: Jackson, Louisiana -- November 25, 1984.
NTSB Report Number: PAR86-01*, adopted on 3/31/1986
NTIS Report Number: PB86-916502
Title: Pinson, Alabama -- August 22, 1985.
NTSB Report Number: PAR86-01*, adopted on 3/31/1986
NTIS Report Number: PB86-916502
Title: Continental Pipe Line Company Pipeline Rupture and Fire Kaycee, Wyoming, July 23, 1985.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-86-01, adopted on 3/18/1986
NTIS Report Number: PB86-916501
Title: National Fuel Gas Company Natural Gas Explosion and Fire, Sharpsville, Pennsylvania, February 23, 1985.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-85-02, adopted on 10/25/1985
NTIS Report Number: PB85-916502
Title: Arizona Public Service Company Natural Gas Explosion and Fire, Phoenix, Arizona, September 25, 1984.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-85-01, adopted on 6/12/1985
NTIS Report Number: PB85-916501
Title: Boston Gas Company Natural Gas Overpressure Explosion and Fires, Easton Boston, Massachusetts, September 23, 1983.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-84-05, adopted on 10/16/1984
NTIS Report Number: PB84-91605
Title: Columbia Gas of West Virginia, Inc., Explosion and Fire South Charleston, West Virginia, October 17, 1983.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-84-04, adopted on 9/5/1984
NTIS Report Number: PB84-916504
Title: Washington Gas Light Company Natural Gas Explosion and Fire Herndon Gate Station, Fairfax County Virginia, October 13, 1983.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-84-03, adopted on 8/9/1984
NTIS Report Number: PB84-916503
Title: Interstate Power Company Natural Gas Explosion and Fire, Clear Lake, Iowa, July 12, 1983.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-84-02, adopted on 5/17/1984
NTIS Report Number: PB84-916502
Title: Mid-America Pipeline System Liquefied Petroleum Gas Pipeline Rupture, West Odessa, Texas, March 15, 1983.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-84-01, adopted on 5/15/1984
NTIS Report Number: PB84-916501
Title: El Paso Natural Gas Company Compressor Station Explosion and Fire Bloomfield, New Mexico, May 26, 1983.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-83-04, adopted on 12/12/1983
NTIS Report Number: PB83-916504
Title: Mississippi River Transmission Corp. Natural Gas Flash Fire, Pine Bluff, Arkansas, October 1, 1982.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-83-03, adopted on 7/26/1983
NTIS Report Number: PB83-916503
Title: Northern Natural Gas Company Pipeline Puncture, Explosion and Fire, Hudson, Iowa, November 4, 1982.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-83-02, adopted on 5/17/1983
NTIS Report Number: PB83-916502
Title: The Gas Company of New Mexico Natural Gas Explosion and Fire Portales, New Mexico, June 28, 1982.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-83-01, adopted on 1/13/1983
NTIS Report Number: PB83-916501
Title: Missouri Power and Light Company Natural Gas Fires, Centralia, Missouri, January 28, 1982.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-82-03, adopted on 8/24/1982
NTIS Report Number: PB82-916503
Title: The Chaparral Pipeline, Explosion and Fire Ackerly, Texas, September 27, 1981.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-82-02, adopted on 4/20/1982
NTIS Report Number: PB82-916502
Title: Pacific Gas and Electric Company Natural Gas Pipeline Puncture San Francisco, California, August 25, 1981.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-82-01, adopted on 2/25/1982
NTIS Report Number: PB82-916501
Title: Issue 1, 1982 Brief Reports
NTSB Report Number: PAB-82-01, adopted on 1/22/1982
NTIS Report Number: PB82-916901
Title: Four Corners Pipline Company Pipe Rupture and Fire Long Beach, California, December 1, 1980.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-81-04, adopted on 8/18/1981
NTIS Report Number: PB82-102377
Title: Williams Pipeline Company, Gasoline Explosion and Fire, Roseville, Minnesota, April 16, 1981.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-81-03, adopted on 7/22/1981
NTIS Report Number: PB81-236820
Title: Colonial Pipeline Company, Petroleum Products Pipeline Failures, Manassas and Locust Grove, Virginia, March 6, 1980.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-81-02, adopted on 7/15/1981
NTIS Report Number: PB81-231789
Title: Union Light, Heat and Power Company Natural Gas Explosion and Fire Simon High School, Independence, Kentucky, October 9, 1981.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-81-01, adopted on 4/28/1981
NTIS Report Number: PB81-207102
Title: The Pipelines of Puerto Rico, Inc., Petroleum Products Pipeline Rupture and Fire, Bayamon, Puerto Rico, January 30, 1980.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-80-06, adopted on 12/19/1980
NTIS Report Number: PB81-204851
Title: Issue 1, 1980 Brief Reports
NTSB Report Number: PAB-80-01, adopted on 9/18/1980
NTIS Report Number: PB81-156978
Title: Municipal Gas Department of Cordele Georgia Explosion and Fire Cordele, Georgia, February 21, 1980.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-80-05, adopted on 9/9/1980
NTIS Report Number: PB81-105629
Title: Washington Gas Light Company Natural Gas Explosion 215 Third Street Southeast Washington, DC, October 30, 1979.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-80-04, adopted on 7/8/1980
NTIS Report Number: PB80-213457
Title: Columbia Gas of Virginia, Inc., Natural Gas Explosion and Fire Standardsville, Virginia, October 24, 1979.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-80-03, adopted on 6/10/1980
NTIS Report Number: PB80-202880
Title: Columbia Liquefied Natural Gas Corporation Explosion and Fire, Covepoint, Maryland, October 6, 1979.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-80-02, adopted on 4/16/1980
NTIS Report Number: PB80-185721
Title: Southern Natural Gas Company Rupture and Fire of a 14-inch Gas Transmission Pipeline Southeast of New Orleans, Louisiana, July 15, 1979.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-80-01, adopted on 2/21/1980
NTIS Report Number: PB80-162894
Title: Philadelphia Gas Works Natural Gas Pipeline Rupture, Explosion and Fire Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, May 11, 1979.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-79-03, adopted on 9/27/1979
NTIS Report Number: PB80-108863
Title: Gas Service Company, Explosion and Fire, London, Kentucky, January 16, 1979.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-79-02, adopted on 8/16/1979
NTIS Report Number: PB-299850/AS
Title: Mid-America Pipeline System Liquefied Petroleum Gas Pipeline Rupture and Fire, Donnellson, Iowa, August 4, 1978.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-79-01, adopted on 5/3/1979
NTIS Report Number: PB-296136/AS
Title: The Gas Service Company, Natural Gas Pipeline Rupture and Fire, Kansas City, Missouri, June 12, 1978.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-78-05, adopted on 12/7/1978
NTIS Report Number: PB-290496/AS
Title: Kansas Public Service Company, Inc., Explosion and Fire, Lawrence, Kansas, December 15, 1977.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-78-04, adopted on 7/5/1978
NTIS Report Number: PB-286345/AS
Title: Issue 1, 1977 Brief Reports
NTSB Report Number: PAB-78-01, adopted on 6/20/1978
NTIS Report Number: PB-284470
Title: Atlanta Gas Light Company, High- Pressure Gas Main Rupture, Atlanta, Georgia, December 1, 1977.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-78-03, adopted on 5/18/1978
NTIS Report Number: PB-294650/AS
Title: Alyeska Pipeline Service Company, Explosion and Fire, Pump Station 8, near Fairbanks, Alaska, July 8, 1977.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-78-02, adopted on 3/9/1978
NTIS Report Number: PB-294651/AS
Title: Consolidated Gas Supply Corporation, Propane Pipeline Rupture and Fire, Ruff Creek, Pennsylvania, July 20, 1977.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-78-01, adopted on 1/12/1978
NTIS Report Number: PB-278192/AS
Title: Pennsylvania Gas and Water Company, Natural Gas Explosions, Williamsport, Pennsylvania, January 25, 1977.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-77-04, adopted on 11/23/1977
NTIS Report Number: PB-277052/AS
Title: Exxon Gas System, Inc., Natural Gas Explosion and Fire, Robstown, Texas, December 7, 1976.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-77-03, adopted on 10/13/1977
NTIS Report Number: PB-275174/AS
Title: UGI Corporation, Natural Gas Explosion and Fire, Allentown, Pennsylvania, August 8, 1976.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-77-02, adopted on 5/18/1977
NTIS Report Number: PB-268938/8GA
Title: United Gas Pipeline Company, 20-inch Pipeline Rupture and Fire, Cartwright, Louisiana, August 9, 1976.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-77-01, adopted on 4/26/1977
NTIS Report Number: PB-268606/1GA
Title: Standard Oil Company of California, Pipeline Rupture, Los Angeles, California, June 16, 1976.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-76-08, adopted on 12/9/1976
NTIS Report Number: PB-264347/AS
Title: Sun Pipeline Company, Rupture of 8-inch Pipeline, Romulus, Michigan, August 2, 1975.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-76-07, adopted on 7/20/1976
NTIS Report Number: PB-257671/AS
Title: Nebraska Natural Gas Company, Pathfinder Hotel Explosion and Fire, Fremont, Nebraska, January 10, 1976.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-76-06, adopted on 7/7/1976
NTIS Report Number: PB-257363/AS
Title: Dow Chemical U.S.A., Natural Gas Liguids Explosion and Fire, near Devers, Texas, May 12, 1975.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-76-05, adopted on 6/30/1976
NTIS Report Number: PB-255979/AS
Title: West Texas Gulf Pipeline Company, Abilene, Texas, December 1, 1974.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-76-04, adopted on 6/9/1976
NTIS Report Number: PB-257166/AS
Title: Mid Valley Pipeline Company, Crude Oil Terminal Fire, near Lima, Ohio, January 17, 1975.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-76-03, adopted on 4/27/1976
NTIS Report Number: PB-253988/AS
Title: Consolidated Edison Company, Explosion at 305 East 45th Street, New York, New York, April 22, 1974.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-76-02, adopted on 4/19/1976
NTIS Report Number: PB-252022/AS
Title: Texas Oil and Gas Corporation, 6-inch Natural Gas Gathering Pipeline Failure, near Meridan, Mississippi, May 21, 1974.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-76-01, adopted on 2/4/1976
NTIS Report Number: PB-250935/AS
Title: Southern Union Gas Company, Transmission Pipeline Failure, near Farmington, New Mexico, March 15, 1974.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-75-03, adopted on 12/23/1975
NTIS Report Number: PB-250774/AS
Title: Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Corp., 30 inch Transmission Line Failure, near Bealeton, Virginia, June 9, 1974.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-75-02, adopted on 5/28/1975
NTIS Report Number: PB-244547/AS
Title: Michigan Wisconsin Pipeline Company, Monroe, Louisiana, March 2, 1974.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-75-01, adopted on 4/2/1975
NTIS Report Number: PB-241988/AS
Title: Mid America Pipeline System, Anhydrous Ammonia Leak, Conway, Kansas, December 6, 1973.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-74-06, adopted on 11/11/1974
NTIS Report Number: PB-238158/AS
Title: Washington Gas Light Company, Bowie, Maryland, June 23, 1973.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-74-05, adopted on 10/24/1974
NTIS Report Number: PB-238039/AS
Title: Columbia Gas of West Virginia, Inc., Charleston, West Virginia, December 2, 1973.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-74-04, adopted on 8/21/1974
NTIS Report Number: PB-236479/AS
Title: Missouri Public Service Company, Clinton, Missouri, December 9, 1972.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-74-03, adopted on 2/27/1974
NTIS Report Number: PB-230617/AS
Title: Southern Union Gas Company, El Paso, Texas, April 22, 1973.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-74-02, adopted on 2/13/1974
NTIS Report Number: PB-229868/AS
Title: UGI Corporation, Coopersburg, Pennsylvania, February 21, 1973.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-74-01, adopted on 2/7/1974
NTIS Report Number: PB-228673/AS
Title: Phillips Pipeline Company, Natural Gas Liquids Fire, Austin, Texas, February 22, 1973.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-73-04, adopted on 11/7/1973
NTIS Report Number: PB-225845
Title: Atlanta Gas Light Company, Atlanta, Georgia, August 31, 1972.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-73-03, adopted on 8/16/1973
NTIS Report Number: PB-223336
Title: Exxon Pipeline Company, Crude Oil Explosion at Hearne, Texas, May 14, 1972.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-73-02, adopted on 8/1/1973
NTIS Report Number: PB-222656
Title: Northern States Power Company, Lake City, Minnesota, Oct. 30, 1972.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-73-01, adopted on 5/16/1973
NTIS Report Number: PB-221393
Title: Lone Star Gas Company, Fort Worth, Texas, October 4, 1971.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-72-05, adopted on 12/13/1972
NTIS Report Number: PB-214777
Title: Washington Gas Light Company, Natural Gas Explosion at Annandale, Virginia, March 24, 1972.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-72-04, adopted on 11/22/1972
NTIS Report Number: PB-214328
Title: Lone Star Gas Company, North Richland Hills, Texas, October 4, 1971.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-72-03, adopted on 11/8/1972
NTIS Report Number: PB-213615
Title: Equitable Gas Company, Natural Gas Distribution System, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, November 17, 1971.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-72-02, adopted on 5/25/1972
NTIS Report Number: PB-211000
Title: Phillips Pipeline Company, Propane Gas Explosion, Franklin County, Missouri, December 9, 1970.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-72-01, adopted on 3/1/1972
NTIS Report Number: PB-209876
Title: Colonial Pipeline Company, Petroleum Products Pipeline, Jacksonville, Maryland, September 3, 1970.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-71-02, adopted on 12/8/1971
NTIS Report Number: PB-207130
Title: High Pressure Natural Gas Pipeline, near Houston, Texas, September 9, 1969.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-71-01, adopted on 7/1/1971
NTIS Report Number: PB-202868
Title: Low Pressure Natural Gas Distribution System, Burlington, Iowa, November 6, 1969.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-70-01, adopted on 10/14/1970
NTIS Report Number: PB-196054
Title: Low Pressure Natural Gas Distribution System, Gary, Indiana. June 3, 1969 November 6, 1969.
NTSB Report Number: PAR-, adopted on 12/4/1969
NTIS Report Number: PB-190200

 

 

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